Re: Bug: Discontigmem virt_to_page() [Alpha,ARM,Mips64?]

From: Andrea Arcangeli (
Date: Fri May 03 2002 - 02:45:29 EST

On Fri, May 03, 2002 at 01:42:56AM +0200, Daniel Phillips wrote:
> On Thursday 02 May 2002 18:06, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
> > On Wed, May 01, 2002 at 05:42:40PM +0200, Daniel Phillips wrote:
> > > On Thursday 02 May 2002 17:35, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
> > > > On Thu, May 02, 2002 at 08:18:33AM -0700, Martin J. Bligh wrote:
> > > > > At the moment I use the contig memory model (so we only use discontig for
> > > > > NUMA support) but I may need to change that in the future.
> > > >
> > > > I wasn't thinking at numa-q, but regardless numa-Q fits perfectly into
> > > > the current discontigmem-numa model too as far I can see.
> > >
> > > No it doesn't. The config_discontigmem model forces all zone_normal memory
> > > to be on node zero, so all the remaining nodes can only have highmem locally.
> >
> > You can trivially map the phys mem between 1G and 1G+256M to be in a
> > direct mapping between 3G+256M and 3G+512M, then you can put such 256M
> > at offset 1G into the ZONE_NORMAL of node-id 1 with discontigmem too.
> Andrea, I'm re-reading this and I'm guilty of misreading your 3G+512M, what
> you meant is PAGE_OFFSET+512M. Yes, in fact this is exactly what

yes, I was short in explaining it, 3G == PAGE_OFFSET for 99% of userbase
but it wasn't obvious.

> config_nonlinear does. Config_discontigmem does not do this, not without
> your 'trivial map', and that's all config_nonlinear is: a trivial map done
> in an organized way. This same trivial mapping is capable of replacing all
> known non-numa uses of config_discontigmem.

You add a table lookup, the lookup on such table or data structure is
pure overhead if your ram is contigous. NUMA-Q has a contigous ram
within the node so it doesn't make sense to add the nonlinear overhead,
to provide normal memory from the other nodes they only need to change
virt_to_page and page_address, plus of course the initialization of the
direct mapping (and the window intialization of the pci32
BAR windows/pci_map_single, but this latter pci part is indipendent
of the discontigmem/nonlinear issue).

nonlinear make sense and it's not a pure overhead _only_ when the
mem_map has holes, so instead of wasting ram with the mem_map you pay a
CPU hit with your nonlinear lookup, and so it can pay off, if there's no
hole in the per-node mem_map pointed by the pgdat then nonlinear cannot
pay off. At the start of the thread I never heard of configurations with
huge ram holes in the middle of the nodes, I thought it had to be
misconfigured hardware, origin 2k and iseries falls in this category so
for them nonlinear can pay off (but if I had an iSeries I would know how
to partition it efficiently and I would be fine with discontigmem be
sure, the other is a fascinating but slow dinosaur anyways).

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at

This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Tue May 07 2002 - 22:00:18 EST