Re: [PATCH] speed up SATA
From: Jeff Garzik
Date: Sat Mar 27 2004 - 19:50:52 EST
Nick Piggin wrote:
Aside, you should make 2 or 4 tags the default though: that
still gives you the pipelining without sacrificing latency
I would rather have a sane block layer default, that works without my
Ditto the max_sectors issue, the driver for the hardware w/ a 256-depth
queue should attempt to queue up to the hardware maximum. The block
layer can be smart and limit things further from there...
IIRC the AIC7xxx driver sets the queue depth to 200+ on one of my
drives. That may be 2.4, though...
The only area (I think) where large queues outperform the IO
scheduler are lots of parallel, scattered reads. I think this
is because the drive can immediately return cached data even
though it looks like a large seek to the IO scheduler.
(This is from testing on my single, old SCSI disk though.)
Most ATA drives have their own internal disk schedulers, and all of the
major vendors seem to have done something useful with TCQ. Newer drives
definitely take advantage of the additional knowledge gained via
knowledge of the entire queue rather than just a single request.
The parallel-reads case you mention is definitely a winner with TCQ, but
writes are also, for ATA-specific reasons (among others): since ATA has
been one-command-at-a-time for so long, write caching became necessary
for decent performance. So ATA disks needed a decent internal IO
scheduler, just maintain a decent level of performance.
TCQ-on-write for ATA disks is yummy because you don't really know what
the heck the ATA disk is writing at the present time. By the time the
Linux disk scheduler gets around to deciding it has a nicely merged and
scheduled set of requests, it may be totally wrong for the disk's IO
scheduler. TCQ gives the disk a lot more power when the disk integrates
writes into its internal IO scheduling.
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