Re: [PATCH] speed up SATA
From: Jens Axboe
Date: Tue Mar 30 2004 - 08:08:01 EST
On Tue, Mar 30 2004, Marc Bevand wrote:
> Jeff Garzik wrote:
> >With this simple patch, the max request size goes from 128K to 32MB...
> >so you can imagine this will definitely help performance. Throughput
> >goes up. Interrupts go down. Fun for the whole family.
> I have experienced a noticeable improvement concerning the CPU usage
> and disk throughput with this patch.
> Benchmark specs:
> o read from only 1 disk (sda), or from 2 disks (sda+sdb), with
> 1 or 2 instances of "dd if=/dev/sd? of=/dev/null bs=100M".
> o hardware: two Seagate 160GB SATA, on a Silicon Image 3114, on a
> 32-bit/33MHz PCI bus, 1GB RAM.
> o software: kernel 2.6.5-rc2-bk6-libata2.
> Benchmark datas:
> without the speed-up-sata patch with the speed-up-sata patch
> reading sda reading sda+sdb reading sda reading sda+sdb
> bi 57000 92000 57000 97000
> in 1900 2400 1600 1800
> cs 1800 3300 1400 1700
> sy 11% 20% 9% 16%
> us 0% 0% 0% 0%
> ("bi, in, cs, sy, us" have been reported by vmstat(8))
> When reading only from sda, the speed-up-sata patch makes the number of
> interrupts/s drop from 1900 to 1600 (CPU usage: 11% to 9%). The throughput
> does not improve because 57000 blocks/s is the physical limit of the
> When reading from both sda and sdb, the improvement is more visible: the
> number of interrupts/s goes from 2400 to 1800 (CPU usage: 20% to 16%). But
> in this case, the throughput improves from 92000 blocks/s to 97000 blocks/s.
> I think I am reaching the physical limit of the PCI bus (theoretically it
> would be 133 MB/s or 133000 blocks/s). When setting the PCI latency timer of
> the SiI3114 controller to 240 (was 64), I am able to reach 100000 blocks/s.
Good that somebody did some testing on this, thanks :-)
> As other people were complaining that the 32MB max request size might be too
> high, I did give a try to 1MB (by replacing "65534" by "2046" in the patch).
> There is no visible differences between 32MB and 1MB.
As suspected. BTW, you want to use 2048 there, not 2046. The 64K-2
(which could be 64K-1) is just due to ->max_sectors being an unsigned
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