Re: [PATCH] 2.6.10 Altix : ioc4 serial driver support

From: Christoph Hellwig
Date: Wed Dec 22 2004 - 08:45:48 EST

> I cleaned this up a bit. There still are a couple of issues. One is
> that the sgiioc4 driver also "uses" the ioc4 card for ide. So the probe
> needs to "fail" so that both driver's probes will be called (is there a
> better way?). Because of that the ->remove function isn't called
> directly.

So both claim the same PCI ID? In this case you need to creat a small
shim driver that exports a pseudo-bus to the serial and ide driver using
the driver model. You must never return an error from ->probe if you
actually use that particular device.

> I still save off the pci_dev ptrs for all cards found, so I can
> register with the serial core after probe (is there a better way?).
> Should I register the driver separately for each card ? That seems a
> bit overkill.

You should register them with the serial core in ->probe.

+#include <asm/sn/ioc4.h>

Please put that header into drivers/serial/ioc4.h or if you need it from
other drivers in the future to include/linux/ioc4.h

+/* Various states/options */

So why do you need these ifdefs? Unless there's a very good reason
kill all these conditionals.

+/* To use dynamic numbers only and not use the assigned major and minor,
+ * define the following.. */
+#define USE_DYNAMIC_MINOR 0 /* Don't rely on misc_register dynamic minor */
+static struct miscdevice misc; /* used with misc_register for dynamic */

Dito. Please kill the miscdevice code as you seem to have an assigned

+/* defining this will force the driver to run in polled mode */

Again, what's the need for these conditionals?

+/* Infinite loop detection.
+ */
+#define MAXITER 10000000
+#define SPIN(cond, success) \
+{ \
+ int spiniter = 0; \
+ success = 1; \
+ while(cond) { \
+ spiniter++; \
+ if (spiniter > MAXITER) { \
+ success = 0; \
+ break; \
+ } \
+ } \

Opencoding this in the callers would make the code a lot more readable.

+static struct pci_dev *Pdevs[IOC4_NUM_CARDS];

As mentioned above this shouldn't be needed when the driver uses
proper attachment.

+/* a table to keep the card names as passed to request_region */
+static struct {
+ char c_name[20];
+} Table_o_cards[IOC4_NUM_CARDS];

Completely superflous. Just pass "ioc4_serial" as argument to request_region.

+/* Prototypes */
+static void ioc4_cb_output_lowat(struct ioc4_port *);
+static void ioc4_cb_post_ncs(struct uart_port *, int);
+static void receive_chars(struct uart_port *);
+static void handle_intr(void *arg, uint32_t sio_ir);

Please try to avoid forward-declarations where possible.

+ * support routines for local atomic operations.
+ */
+static spinlock_t local_lock;
+static inline unsigned int atomicClearInt(atomic_t * a, unsigned int b)
+ unsigned long s;
+ unsigned int ret, new;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&local_lock, s);
+ new = ret = atomic_read(a);
+ new &= ~b;
+ atomic_set(a, new);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local_lock, s);
+ return ret;

There's only a singler caller, so better open-code it with a per-device
lock and avoid the bogus atomic_t use. It looks like using bitops.h
functions would help that code aswell.

+static inline void
+write_ireg(struct ioc4_soft *ioc4_soft, uint32_t val, int which, int type)
+ struct ioc4_mem *mem = ioc4_soft->is_ioc4_mem_addr;
+ spinlock_t *lp = &ioc4_soft->is_ir_lock;

small style nitpick: In general we try to avoid using spinlock_t pointers
just as local variables as that makes it more clear what's actually locked.

+ unsigned long s;

normally we call that variable flags. Doing so aswell here makes the
code easier to read.

+ spin_lock_irqsave(lp, s);
+ switch (type) {
+ switch (which) {
+ case IOC4_W_IES:
+ writel(val, (void *)&mem->sio_ies_ro);

The second argumnet to writeX (and readX) is actually void __iomem *,
but to see the difference you need to run sparse (from
over the driver. Please store all I/O addresses in void __iomem * pointers
in your structures and avoid the cast here and in all the other places.

Remember that in 90% of the cases a cast hides a possible bug.

+ return (1);

Please avoid braces around the return values.

+ if (ioc4_revid < ioc4_revid_min) {
+ "IOC4 serial not supported on firmware rev %d on card %d, "
+ "please upgrade to rev %d or higher\n",
+ ioc4_revid, card_number, ioc4_revid_min);
+ return -1;

Please return meaninfull values from errno.h

+ port = (struct ioc4_port *)kmalloc(sizeof(struct ioc4_port),

no need to cast the return value from kmalloc (dito for the other places)

+ if (pci_enable_device(pdev)) {

pci_enable_device returns an detailed error, please pass it on to the

+ /* Map in the ioc4 memory */
+ mem = (struct ioc4_mem *)pci_resource_start(pdev, 0);

You're missing an ioremap somewhere.

+ pdev->dev.driver_data = (void *)control;

please use pci_set_drvdata, the cast isn't needed here aswell.

+ control = (struct ioc4_control *)pdev->dev.driver_data;

please use pca_get_drvdata, again no need for a cast.

+ /* do the pci probing */
+ pci_register_driver(&ioc4_s_driver);

You need to check the return value from pci_register_driver.

+ if (uart_register_driver(&ioc4_uart) < 0) {

Please call uart_register_driver before calling pci_register_driver
so you can register the ports from ->probe.

+ spin_lock_irqsave(&IOC4_lock, flags);
+ del_timer_sync(&IOC4_timer_list);

del_timer_sync can sleep and must not be called inside a spinlock.

+ pci_unregister_driver(&ioc4_s_driver);

dito for pci_unregister_driver.

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