Re: why is NFS performance poor when decompress linux kernel
From: Xin Zhao
Date: Sat Oct 08 2005 - 10:03:47 EST
BTW: where did you see that stat is called before each write? can you
point out the code or function that does this? I might want to look
into the source code to see whether we can improve it.
On 10/8/05, Xin Zhao <uszhaoxin@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> I think the stat might be one reason. cuz when I do 'nfsstat', I
> noticed that "getattr" and "setattr" are executed about 40000 times
> while other operations are executed for less than 10000 times. That
> gave me a feeling that some optimization can be considered to reduce
> the getattr and setattr requests.
> async and sync options affect write performance on large files more
> significantly. But decompress kernel involves a lot of small files.
> Because nfs will force data sync to disk before file close. async and
> sync do not behave quite different.
> Anyone has exeprience with NFS4? I don't know whether it improves in this parts
> On 10/8/05, Willy Tarreau <willy@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > Hi,
> > On Sat, Oct 08, 2005 at 01:59:48AM -0400, Lee Revell wrote:
> > > On Sat, 2005-10-08 at 00:39 -0400, Xin Zhao wrote:
> > > > I noticed that when doing large file copy or linux kernel compilation
> > > > in a NFS direcotry, the performance is not bad compared to local disk
> > > > filesystem such as ext2. However, if I do linux kernel tarball
> > > > decompression on a NFS directory, the performance is much worse than
> > > > local disk filesystem (over 3 times slower). Anybody know the reason?
> > >
> > > Because NFS requires all writes to be synchronous by default, and
> > > uncompressing the kernel is the most write intensive of those three
> > > operations. Mount with the async option and the performance should be
> > > closer to a local disk. Obviously this is more dangerous.
> > I don't agree with you, Lee. My NFS is mounted with async by default,
> > and what takes the most time when extracting a kernel archive is that
> > tar does a stat() on every file before writing it. And THAT stat()
> > prevents writes from being buffered. A better solution might be to
> > process several files in parallel (multi-process/multi-thread).
> > Perhaps a project for a new tar ?
> > Just for a test, I tried extracting multiple files in parallel. The
> > method is completely crappy, but I could saturate my NFS server this
> > way :
> > $ tar ztf /tmp/linux-2.6.9.tar.gz >/tmp/file-list
> > $ sed -n '1~4p' < /tmp/file-list >/tmp/file-list1
> > $ sed -n '2~4p' < /tmp/file-list >/tmp/file-list2
> > $ sed -n '3~4p' < /tmp/file-list >/tmp/file-list3
> > $ sed -n '4~4p' < /tmp/file-list >/tmp/file-list4
> > $ tar zxf /tmp/linux-2.6.9.tar.gz -T /tmp/file-list1 & tar zxf /tmp/linux-2.6.9.tar.gz -T /tmp/file-list2 & tar zxf /tmp/linux-2.6.9.tar.gz -T /tmp/file-list3 & tar zxf /tmp/linux-2.6.9.tar.gz -T /tmp/file-list4 & wait
> > OK, it finally took more time, although the server was saturated (maybe
> > it crawled under seeks at the end, I did not check). This may constitute
> > a starting point for people having more time to research in this area.
> > > Lee
> > Cheers,
> > Willy
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