Re: [RFC][PATCH 2/9] deadlock prevention core
From: Peter Zijlstra
Date: Mon Aug 14 2006 - 02:44:28 EST
On Sun, 2006-08-13 at 22:22 -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Mon, 14 Aug 2006 07:03:55 +0200
> Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Sun, 2006-08-13 at 21:58 -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > > On Mon, 14 Aug 2006 06:40:53 +0200
> > > Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > >
> > > > Testcase:
> > > >
> > > > Mount an NBD device as sole swap device and mmap > physical RAM, then
> > > > loop through touching pages only once.
> > >
> > > Fix: don't try to swap over the network. Yes, there may be some scenarios
> > > where people have no local storage, but it's reasonable to expect anyone
> > > who is using Linux as an "enterprise storage platform" to stick a local
> > > disk on the thing for swap.
> > I wish you were right, however there seems to be a large demand to go
> > diskless and swap over iSCSI because disks seem to be the nr. 1 failing
> > piece of hardware in systems these days.
> We could track dirty anonymous memory and throttle.
> Also, there must be some value of /proc/sys/vm/min_free_kbytes at which a
> machine is no longer deadlockable with any of these tricks. Do we know
> what level that is?
Not sure, the theoretical max amount of memory one can 'lose' in socket
wait queues is well over the amount of physical memory we have in
machines today (even for SGI); this combined with the fact that we limit
the memory in some way to avoid DoS attacks, could make for all memory
to be stuck in wait queues. Of course this becomes rather more unlikely
for ever larger amounts of memory. But unlikely is never a guarantee.
> > > That leaves MAP_SHARED, but mm-tracking-shared-dirty-pages.patch will fix
> > > that, will it not?
> > Will makes it less likely. One can still have memory pressure, the
> > remaining bits of memory can still get stuck in socket queues for
> > blocked processes.
> But there's lots of reclaimable pagecache around and kswapd will free it
Yes, however it is possible for kswapd and direct reclaim to block on
get_request_wait() for the nbd/iscsi request queue by sheer misfortune.
In that case there will be no more reclaim; of course the more active
processes we have the unlikelier this will be. Still with the sheer
amount of cpu time invested in Linux its not a gamble we're likely to
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