Re: How to detect multi-core and/or HT-enabled CPUs in 2.4.x and 2.6.x kernels

From: Martin Knoblauch
Date: Wed Dec 27 2006 - 10:42:18 EST

--- Gleb Natapov <glebn@xxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> On Wed, Dec 27, 2006 at 04:13:00PM +0100, Arjan van de Ven wrote:
> > The original p4 HT to a large degree suffered from a too small
> cache
> > that now was shared. SMT in general isn't per se all that different
> in
> > performance than dual core, at least not on a fundamental level,
> it's
> > all a matter of how many resources each thread has on average. With
> dual
> > core sharing the cache for example, that already is part HT.
> Putting the
> > "boundary" at HT-but-not-dual-core is going to be highly artificial
> and
> > while it may work for the current hardware, in general it's not a
> good
> > way of separating things (just look at the PowerPC processors,
> those are
> > highly SMT as well), and I suspect that your distinction is just
> going
> > to break all the time over the next 10 years ;) Or even today on
> the
> > current "large cache" P4 processors with HT it already breaks.
> (just
> > those tend to be the expensive models so more rare)
> >
> If I run two threads that are doing only calculations and very little
> or no
> IO at all on the same socket will modern HT and dual core be the same
> (or close) performance wise?
Hi Gleb,

this is a real interesting question. Ganglia is coming [originally]
from the HPC side of computing. At least in the past HT as implemented
on XEONs did help a lot. Running two CPU+memory-bandwith intensive
processes on the same physical CPU would at best result in a 50/50
performance split. So, knowing how many "real" CPUs are in a system is
interesting to us.

Other workloads (like lots of java threads doing mixed IO and CPU
stuff) of course can benefit from HT.


Martin Knoblauch
email: k n o b i AT knobisoft DOT de
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