Re: [Bug 7505] Linux-2.6.18 fails to boot on AMD64 machine

From: Andrew Morton
Date: Thu Dec 28 2006 - 18:53:42 EST

Could someone please test this?

From: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxx>

Various people have reported machines failing to boot since pci_bus_sem was
switched from a spinlock to an rwsem.

The reason for this is that these people had "ide=" on the kernel commandline,
and ide_setup() can end up calling PCI functions which do

Ard has worked out the call tree:

init/main.c start_kernel
kernel/params.c parse_args("Booting kernel"
kernel/params.c parse_one
drivers/ide/ide.c ide_setup
drivers/ide/ide.c init_ide_data
drivers/ide/ide.c init_hwif_default
include/asm-i386/ide.h ide_default_io_base(index)
drivers/pci/search.c pci_find_device
drivers/pci/search.c pci_find_subsys

down_read() will unconditionally enable interrupts and some early interrupt
(source unknown) comes in and whacks the machine, apparently because the LDT
isn't set up yet.

Fix that by avoiding taking the semaphore in the PCI code in this situation.

Cc: Ard -kwaak- van Breemen <ard@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: "Zhang, Yanmin" <yanmin.zhang@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Chuck Ebbert <76306.1226@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <>
Cc: <take@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: <agalanin@xxxxxxx>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxx>

drivers/pci/search.c | 10 ++++++++++
1 files changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff -puN drivers/pci/search.c~pci-avoid-taking-pci_bus_sem-early-in-boot drivers/pci/search.c
--- a/drivers/pci/search.c~pci-avoid-taking-pci_bus_sem-early-in-boot
+++ a/drivers/pci/search.c
@@ -259,6 +259,16 @@ pci_get_subsys(unsigned int vendor, unsi
struct pci_dev *dev;

+ /*
+ * pci_get_subsys() can be called on the ide_setup() path, super-early
+ * in boot. But the down_read() will enable local interrupts, which
+ * can cause some machines to crash. So here we detect that situation
+ * and bail out early.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(list_empty(pci_devices)))
+ return NULL;
n = from ? from-> :;


To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at