[patch 4/7] SLUB: Conform more to SLABs SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN behavior

From: clameter
Date: Thu Apr 26 2007 - 01:12:37 EST

Currently SLUB is using a strict L1_CACHE_BYTES alignment if
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN is specified. SLAB does not align to a cacheline if the
object is smaller than half of a cacheline. Small objects are then aligned
by SLAB to a fraction of a cacheline.

Make SLUB just forget about the alignment requirement if the object size
is less than L1_CACHE_BYTES. It seems that fractional alignments are no
good because they grow the object and reduce the object density in a cache
line needlessly causing additional cache line fetches.

If we are already throwing the user suggestion of a cache line alignment
away then lets do the best we can. Maybe SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN also needs
to be tossed given its wishy-washy handling but doing so would require
an audit of all kmem_cache_allocs throughout the kernel source.

In any case one needs to explictly specify an alignment during
kmem_cache_create to either slab allocator in order to ensure that the
objects are cacheline aligned.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@xxxxxxx>

Index: linux-2.6.21-rc7-mm1/mm/slub.c
--- linux-2.6.21-rc7-mm1.orig/mm/slub.c 2007-04-25 21:23:56.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.21-rc7-mm1/mm/slub.c 2007-04-25 21:23:59.000000000 -0700
@@ -1482,9 +1482,19 @@ static int calculate_order(int size)
* various ways of specifying it.
static unsigned long calculate_alignment(unsigned long flags,
- unsigned long align)
+ unsigned long align, unsigned long size)
- if (flags & SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN)
+ /*
+ * If the user wants hardware cache aligned objects then
+ * follow that suggestion if the object is sufficiently
+ * large.
+ *
+ * The hardware cache alignment cannot override the
+ * specified alignment though. If that is greater
+ * then use it.
+ */
+ if ((flags & SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN) &&
+ size > L1_CACHE_BYTES / 2)
return max_t(unsigned long, align, L1_CACHE_BYTES);

@@ -1673,7 +1683,7 @@ static int calculate_sizes(struct kmem_c
* user specified (this is unecessarily complex due to the attempt
* to be compatible with SLAB. Should be cleaned up some day).
- align = calculate_alignment(flags, align);
+ align = calculate_alignment(flags, align, s->objsize);

* SLUB stores one object immediately after another beginning from
@@ -2250,7 +2260,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache *find_mergeable
return NULL;

size = ALIGN(size, sizeof(void *));
- align = calculate_alignment(flags, align);
+ align = calculate_alignment(flags, align, size);
size = ALIGN(size, align);

list_for_each(h, &slab_caches) {

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