[PATCH 19/31] x86: MCE: Default to panic timeout for machine checks v2

From: Andi Kleen
Date: Tue May 26 2009 - 19:59:54 EST

From: Andi Kleen <ak@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Fatal machine checks can be logged to disk after boot, but only if
the system did a warm reboot. That's unfortunately difficult with the
default panic behaviour, which waits forever and the admin has to
press the power button because modern systems usually miss a reset button.
This clears the machine checks in the registers and make
it impossible to log them.

This patch changes the default for machine check panic to always
reboot after 30s. Then the mce can be successfully logged after

I believe this will improve machine check experience for any
system running the X server.

This is dependent on successfull boot logging of MCEs. This currently
only works on Intel systems, on AMD there are quite a lot of systems
around which leave junk in the machine check registers after boot,
so it's disabled here. These systems will continue to default
to endless waiting panic.

v2: Only force panic timeout when it's shorter (H.Seto)

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c | 7 +++++++
1 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
index bf9bd6f..c31cbcf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ static unsigned long notify_user;
static int rip_msr;
static int mce_bootlog = -1;
static int monarch_timeout = -1;
+static int mce_panic_timeout;

static char trigger[128];
static char *trigger_argv[2] = { trigger, NULL };
@@ -203,6 +204,8 @@ static void wait_for_panic(void)
while (timeout-- > 0)
+ if (mce_panic_timeout < panic_timeout)
+ panic_timeout = mce_panic_timeout;
panic("Panicing machine check CPU died");

@@ -240,6 +243,8 @@ static void mce_panic(char *msg, struct mce *final, char *exp)
printk(KERN_EMERG "Some CPUs didn't answer in synchronization\n");
if (exp)
printk(KERN_EMERG "Machine check: %s\n", exp);
+ if (mce_panic_timeout < panic_timeout)
+ panic_timeout = mce_panic_timeout;

@@ -1100,6 +1105,8 @@ static void mce_cpu_quirks(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
if (monarch_timeout < 0)
monarch_timeout = 0;
+ if (mce_bootlog != 0)
+ mce_panic_timeout = 30;

static void __cpuinit mce_ancient_init(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/