Re: [PATCH] readahead:add blk_run_backing_dev
From: Wu Fengguang
Date: Tue May 26 2009 - 22:08:24 EST
On Wed, May 27, 2009 at 07:42:52AM +0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Fri, 22 May 2009 10:33:23 +0800
> Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > > I tested above patch, and I got same performance number.
> > > I wonder why if (PageUptodate(page)) check is there...
> > Thanks! This is an interesting micro timing behavior that
> > demands some research work. The above check is to confirm if it's
> > the PageUptodate() case that makes the difference. So why that case
> > happens so frequently so as to impact the performance? Will it also
> > happen in NFS?
> > The problem is readahead IO pipeline is not running smoothly, which is
> > undesirable and not well understood for now.
> The patch causes a remarkably large performance increase. A 9%
> reduction in time for a linear read? I'd be surprised if the workload
> even consumed 9% of a CPU, so where on earth has the kernel gone to?
> Have you been able to reproduce this in your testing?
No I cannot reproduce it on raw partition and ext4fs.
The commands I run:
# echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
# dd if=/dev/sda1 of=/dev/null bs=16384 count=100000 # sda1 is not mounted
The results are almost identical:
1638400000 bytes (1.6 GB) copied, 31.3073 s, 52.3 MB/s
1638400000 bytes (1.6 GB) copied, 31.3393 s, 52.3 MB/s
1638400000 bytes (1.6 GB) copied, 31.3216 s, 52.3 MB/s
1638400000 bytes (1.6 GB) copied, 31.3762 s, 52.2 MB/s
My kernel is
Linux hp 2.6.30-rc6 #281 SMP Wed May 27 09:32:37 CST 2009 x86_64 GNU/Linux
The readahead size is the default one:
# blockdev --getra /dev/sda
I tried another ext4 directory with many ~100MB files(vmlinux-2.6.*) in it:
# time tar cf - /hp/boot | cat > /dev/null
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.22s user 5.63s system 21% cpu 26.750 total
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.26s user 5.53s system 21% cpu 26.620 total
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.18s user 5.57s system 21% cpu 26.719 total
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.22s user 5.32s system 21% cpu 26.321 total
Another round with 1MB readahead size:
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.24s user 4.70s system 19% cpu 25.689 total
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.22s user 4.99s system 20% cpu 25.634 total
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.18s user 4.89s system 19% cpu 25.599 total
tar cf - /hp/boot 0.18s user 4.97s system 20% cpu 25.645 total
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