[PATCH 1/2] x86: Ignore VM_LOCKED when determining if hugetlb-backed page tables can be shared or not

From: Mel Gorman
Date: Wed May 27 2009 - 07:16:43 EST

On x86 and x86-64, it is possible that page tables are shared beween shared
mappings backed by hugetlbfs. As part of this, page_table_shareable() checks
a pair of vma->vm_flags and they must match if they are to be shared. All
VMA flags are taken into account, including VM_LOCKED.

The problem is that VM_LOCKED is cleared on fork(). When a process with a
shared memory segment forks() to exec() a helper, there will be shared VMAs
with different flags. The impact is that the shared segment is sometimes
considered shareable and other times not, depending on what process is

What happens is that the segment page tables are being shared but the count is
inaccurate depending on the ordering of events. As the page tables are freed
with put_page(), bad pmd's are found when some of the children exit. The
hugepage counters also get corrupted and the Total and Free count will
no longer match even when all the hugepage-backed regions are freed. This
requires a reboot of the machine to "fix".

This patch addresses the problem by comparing all flags except VM_LOCKED when
deciding if pagetables should be shared or not for hugetlbfs-backed mapping.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@xxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c | 6 +++++-
1 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c b/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c
index 8f307d9..f46c340 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c
@@ -26,12 +26,16 @@ static unsigned long page_table_shareable(struct vm_area_struct *svma,
unsigned long sbase = saddr & PUD_MASK;
unsigned long s_end = sbase + PUD_SIZE;

+ /* Allow segments to share if only one is marked locked */
+ unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags & ~VM_LOCKED;
+ unsigned long svm_flags = svma->vm_flags & ~VM_LOCKED;
* match the virtual addresses, permission and the alignment of the
* page table page.
if (pmd_index(addr) != pmd_index(saddr) ||
- vma->vm_flags != svma->vm_flags ||
+ vm_flags != svm_flags ||
sbase < svma->vm_start || svma->vm_end < s_end)
return 0;


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