Re: [PATCH] amd iommu: force flush of iommu prior during shutdown
From: Neil Horman
Date: Thu Apr 01 2010 - 12:40:27 EST
On Wed, Mar 31, 2010 at 10:24:18PM -0400, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> On Wed, Mar 31, 2010 at 09:13:11PM -0400, Neil Horman wrote:
> > On Wed, Mar 31, 2010 at 02:25:35PM -0700, Chris Wright wrote:
> > > * Neil Horman (nhorman@xxxxxxxxxxxxx) wrote:
> > > > Flush iommu during shutdown
> > > >
> > > > When using an iommu, its possible, if a kdump kernel boot follows a primary
> > > > kernel crash, that dma operations might still be in flight from the previous
> > > > kernel during the kdump kernel boot. This can lead to memory corruption,
> > > > crashes, and other erroneous behavior, specifically I've seen it manifest during
> > > > a kdump boot as endless iommu error log entries of the form:
> > > > AMD-Vi: Event logged [IO_PAGE_FAULT device=00:14.1 domain=0x000d
> > > > address=0x000000000245a0c0 flags=0x0070]
> > >
> > > We've already fixed this problem once before, so some code shift must
> > > have brought it back. Personally, I prefer to do this on the bringup
> > > path than the teardown path. Besides keeping the teardown path as
> > > simple as possible (goal is to get to kdump kernel asap), there's also
> > > reason to competely flush on startup in genernal in case BIOS has done
> > > anything unsavory.
> > >
> > Chris,
> > Can you elaborate on what you did with the iommu to make this safe? It
> > will save me time digging through the history on this code, and help me
> > understand better whats going on here.
> > I was starting to think that we should just leave the iommu on through a kdump,
> > and re-construct a new page table based on the old table (filtered by the error
> > log) on kdump boot, but it sounds like a better solution might be in place.
> Hi Neil,
> Is following sequence possible.
> - In crashed kernel, take away the write permission from all the devices.
> Mark bit 62 zero for all devices in device table.
> - Leave the iommu on and let the device entries be valid in kdump kernel
> so that any in-flight dma does not become pass through (which can cause
> more damage and corrupt kdump kernel).
> - During kdump kernel initialization, load a new device table where again
> all the devices don't have write permission. looks like by default
> we create a device table with all bits zero except DEV_ENTRY_VALID
> and DEV_ENTRY_TRANSLATION bit.
> - Reset the device where we want to setup any dma or operate on.
> - Allow device to do DMA/write.
> So by default all the devices will not be able to do write to memory
> and selective devices are given access only after a reset.
> I am not sure what are the dependencies for loading a new device table
> in second kernel. If it requires disabling the IOMMU, then we leave a
> window where in-flight dma will become passthrough and has the potential
> to corrupt kdump kernel.
I think this is possible, but I'm a bit concerned with how some devices will
handle a reset. For instance, what will happen to an HBA or a disk, if we reset
it as the module is loading? Is that safe?
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