Re: why choose 896MB to the start point of ZONE_HIGHMEM

From: Xianghua Xiao
Date: Wed Apr 07 2010 - 08:10:13 EST

On Wed, Apr 7, 2010 at 12:48 AM, Venkatram Tummala
<venkatram867@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> I completely agree with you. I was just trying to clarify Xianghua's
> statement "last 128 MB is used for HIGHMEM". I got the feeling that he
> thought that last 128MB can be used for vmalloc, IO and for HIGHMEM. So, i
> was clarifying that last 128MB is not "used for highmem" but it is used to
> support highmem.(among many other things). That was what i intended.
> On Tue, Apr 6, 2010 at 7:09 PM, H. Peter Anvin <hpa@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> On 04/06/2010 07:04 PM, Venkatram Tummala wrote:
>> > Hey Xiao,
>> >
>> > last 128MB is not used for highmem. last 128MB is used for data
>> > structures(page tables etc.) to support highmem . ÂHighmem is not
>> > something which is "INSIDE" Kernel's Virtual Address space. Highmem
>> > refers to a region of "Physical memory" which can be mapped into
>> > kernel's virtual address space through page tables.
>> >
>> > Regards,
>> > Venkatram Tummala
>> >
>> Not quite.
>> The vmalloc region is for *anything which is dynamically mapped*, which
>> includes I/O, vmalloc, and HIGHMEM (kmap).
>> Â Â Â Â-hpa
>> --
>> H. Peter Anvin, Intel Open Source Technology Center
>> I work for Intel. ÂI don't speak on their behalf.

Thanks Venkatram, do these sound right:

1. All HIGHMEM(physical address beyond 896MB) are kmapped back into
the last 128MB kernel "virtual" address space(using page tables stored
in the last 128MB physical address). That also implies it's a very
limited virtual space for large memory system and need do kunmap when
you're done with it(so you can kmap other physical memories in).
I'm not familiar with large-memory systems, not sure how kmap cope
with that using this limited 128M window assuming kernel is 1:3 split.

2. The last 128MB physical address can be used for page tables(kmap),
vmalloc, IO,etc

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