Re: [RFC][PATCH -mm] hibernation: freeze swap at hibernation (Was Re: Memory corruption during hibernation since 2.6.31
From: Rafael J. Wysocki
Date: Mon Aug 02 2010 - 10:29:33 EST
On Monday, August 02, 2010, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki wrote:
> On Fri, 30 Jul 2010 13:14:32 +0900
> KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Thu, 29 Jul 2010 21:10:10 -0700
> > Hugh Dickins <hughd@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > > On Thu, Jul 29, 2010 at 5:01 PM, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
> > > <kamezawa.hiroyu@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > >
> > > > I think the best way is kexec(). But maybe rollback from hibernation failure
> > > > will be difficult. Considering how crash-dump works well and under maintainance
> > > > by many enterprise guys, hibernation-by-kexec is a choice. I think. It can make
> > > > reuse of kdump code, ...or, hibernation-resume code can eat kdump image
> > > > directly. Maybe the problem will be the speed of dump.
> > >
> > > I've no appetite for a total rework of hibernation, and I don't see
> > > how that would
> > > address the issue: I'm just looking for some protection against swap
> > > reuse danger.
> > >
> > Okay ;) (And I forget that kexec has to prepare memory at boot time for 2nd kernel.
> > It will be harmful for small device guys.)
> > I'll prepare a routine not-quick-fix.
> Ok, here. Passed easy tests as
> # echo disk > /sys/power/state
> Looks like a big hammer ? But I think following kind of patch is required.
> About swap-reuse, it's only possible when a page is added to swap cache
> but try_to_unmap() fails and the page remains in memory. IIUC, most of this
> kind of pages will be backed to swap by shrink_all_memory(). So, reuse-swap
> happens only when the user unlucky. This patch ignores reuse-swap but freeze
> swap_map for saving swap_map to the disk in consistent way.
> From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> swap_map is a one of objects which can be update while hibernation. I.E,
> usage counter in swap_map is updated while hibernation is making a copy
> of memory image to the disk.
> At resume, hibenation code doesn't call swap_free() against the swaps they
> used...So, the swap_map will turns to be an initial state.
> With small consideration, the question is how swap_map updated before
> dumping to the disk is treated. In swap-system view, there are no guarantee
> that swap_map are properly reloaded and there is no leak in swap count.
> This patch tries to freeze swap_map during hibernation.
> By this, no updates will be happen to swap_map among save_image().
> At load_image(), the swap_map has no record for swap entries used by
> save_image(), we can simply forget it.
> Note: I'm not a specialist of hibernation...so, I'm not sure the hooks
> to kernel/power/user.c is appropriate or not.
> And this disables swap-out once hibernation starts saving.
> Should we afraid of OOM ?
OOM shoiuld not happen at that time, so no worry.
I'll have a deeper look into the patch later today.
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