Re: [PATCH 01/16] KVM-HDR: register KVM basic header infrastructure
From: Glauber Costa
Date: Wed Jan 26 2011 - 13:11:40 EST
On Wed, 2011-01-26 at 11:22 -0600, Anthony Liguori wrote:
> On 01/26/2011 09:36 AM, Glauber Costa wrote:
> > On Wed, 2011-01-26 at 17:12 +0200, Avi Kivity wrote:
> >> On 01/26/2011 02:13 PM, Glauber Costa wrote:
> >>>> - it doesn't lend itself will to live migration. Extra state must be
> >>>> maintained in the hypervisor.
> >>> Yes, but can be queried at any time as well. I don't do it in this
> >>> patch, but this is explicitly mentioned in my TODO.
> >> Using the existing method (MSRs) takes care of this, which reduces churn.
> > No, it doesn't.
> > First, we have to explicitly list some msrs for save/restore in
> > userspace anyway. But also, the MSRs only holds values. For the case I'm
> > trying to hit here, being: msrs being used to register something, like
> > kvmclock, there is usually accompanying code as well.
> >>>> - it isn't how normal hardware operates
> >>> Since we're trying to go for guest cooperation here, I don't really see
> >>> a need to stay close to hardware here.
> >> For Linux there is not much difference, since we can easily adapt it.
> >> But we don't know the impact on other guests, and we can't refactor
> >> them. Staying close to precedent means it will be easier for other
> >> guests to work with a kvm host, if they choose.
> > I honestly don't see the difference. I am not proposing anything
> > terribly different, in the end, for the sake of this specific point of
> > guest supportability it's all 1 msr+cpuid vs n msr+cpuid.
> If type becomes implied based on the MSR number, you'd get the best of
> both worlds, no?
> I do think advertising features in CPUID is nicer than writing to an MSR
> and then checking for an ack in the memory region.
Fine. But back to the point, I think the reasoning here is that I see
all those areas as just a single feature, shared data.
> >>> * This mechanism just bumps us out to userspace if we can't handle a
> >>> request. As such, it allows for pure guest kernel -> userspace
> >>> communication, that can be used, for instance, to emulate new features
> >>> in older hypervisors one does not want to change. BTW, maybe there is
> >>> value in exiting to userspace even if we stick to the
> >>> one-msr-per-feature approach?
> >> Yes.
> >> I'm not 100% happy with emulating MSRs in userspace, but we can think
> >> about a mechanism that allows userspace to designate certain MSRs as
> >> handled by userspace.
> >> Before we do that I'd like to see what fraction of MSRs can be usefully
> >> emulated in userspace (beyond those that just store a value and ignore it).
> > None of the existing. But for instance, I was discussing this issue with
> > anthony a while ago, and he thinks that in order to completely avoid
> > bogus softlockups, qemu/userspace, which is the entity here that knows
> > when it has stopped (think ctrl+Z or stop + cont, save/restore, etc),
> > could notify this to the guest kernel directly through a shared variable
> > like this.
> > See, this is not about "new features", but rather, about between pieces
> > of memory. So what I'm doing in the end is just generalizing "an MSR for
> > shared memory", instead of one new MSR for each piece of data.
> I do think having a standard mechanism for small regions of shared
> memory between the hypervisor and guest is a reasonable thing to do.
Through what I am proposing, or through something else? (including
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