Re: txqueuelen has wrong units; should be time
From: Mikael Abrahamsson
Date: Mon Feb 28 2011 - 19:47:16 EST
On Mon, 28 Feb 2011, John Heffner wrote:
Right... while I generally agree that a fixed-length drop-tail queue
isn't optimal, isn't this problem what the various AQM schemes try to
I am not an expert on exactly how Linux does this, but for Cisco and for
instance ATM interfaces, there are two stages of queuing. One is the
"hardware queue", which is a FIFO queue going into the ATM framer. If one
wants low CPU usage, then this needs to be high so multiple packets can be
put there per interrupt. Since AQM is working before this, it also means
the low-latency-queue will have a higher latency as it ends up behind
larger packets in the hw queue.
So on what level does the AQM work in Linux? Does it work similarily, that
txqueuelen is a FIFO queue to the hardware that AQM feeds packets into?
Also, when one uses WRED the thinking is generally to keep the average
queue len down, but still allow for bursts by dynamically changing the
drop probability and where it happens. When there is no queuing, allow for
big queue (so it can fill up if needed), but if the queue is large for
several seconds, start to apply WRED to bring it down.
There is generally no need at all to constantly buffer > 50 ms of data,
then it's better to just start selectively dropping it. In time of
burstyness (perhaps when re-routing traffic) there is need to buffer
200-500ms of during perhaps 1-2 seconds before things stabilize.
So one queuing scheme and one queue limit isn't going to solve this, there
need to be some dynamic built into the system for it to work well.
AQM needs to feed into a relatively short hw queue and AQM needs to exist
on output also when the traffic is sourced from the box itself, no tonly
routed. It would also help if the default would be to use let's say 25% of
the bandwidth for smaller packets (< 200 bytes or so) which generally are
for interactive uses or are ACKs.
Mikael Abrahamsson email: swmike@xxxxxxxxx
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