Re: [PATCH 1/5] vmscan: remove all_unreclaimable check from direct reclaim path completely

From: KOSAKI Motohiro
Date: Wed Mar 23 2011 - 01:21:19 EST

Hi Minchan,

> > zone->all_unreclaimable and zone->pages_scanned are neigher atomic
> > variables nor protected by lock. Therefore a zone can become a state
> > of zone->page_scanned=0 and zone->all_unreclaimable=1. In this case,
> Possible although it's very rare.

Can you test by yourself andrey's case on x86 box? It seems

> > current all_unreclaimable() return false even though
> > zone->all_unreclaimabe=1.
> The case is very rare since we reset zone->all_unreclaimabe to zero
> right before resetting zone->page_scanned to zero.
> But I admit it's possible.

Please apply this patch and run oom-killer. You may see following
pages_scanned:0 and all_unreclaimable:yes combination. likes below.
(but you may need >30min)

Node 0 DMA free:4024kB min:40kB low:48kB high:60kB active_anon:11804kB
inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:4kB unevictable:0kB
isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB present:15676kB mlocked:0kB
dirty:0kB writeback:0kB mapped:0kB shmem:0kB slab_reclaimable:0kB
slab_unreclaimable:0kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:68kB unstable:0kB
bounce:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB pages_scanned:0 all_unreclaimable? yes

> CPU 0 CPU 1
> free_pcppages_bulk balance_pgdat
> zone->all_unreclaimabe = 0
> zone->all_unreclaimabe = 1
> zone->pages_scanned = 0
> >
> > Is this ignorable minor issue? No. Unfortunatelly, x86 has very
> > small dma zone and it become zone->all_unreclamble=1 easily. and
> > if it becase all_unreclaimable, it never return all_unreclaimable=0
> ^^^^^ it's very important verb. ^^^^^ return? reset?
> I can't understand your point due to the typo. Please correct the typo.
> > beucase it typicall don't have reclaimable pages.
> If DMA zone have very small reclaimable pages or zero reclaimable pages,
> zone_reclaimable() can return false easily so all_unreclaimable() could return
> true. Eventually oom-killer might works.

The point is, vmscan has following all_unreclaimable check in several place.

if (zone->all_unreclaimable && priority != DEF_PRIORITY)

But, if the zone has only a few lru pages, get_scan_count(DEF_PRIORITY) return
{0, 0, 0, 0} array. It mean zone will never scan lru pages anymore. therefore
false negative smaller pages_scanned can't be corrected.

Then, false negative all_unreclaimable() also can't be corrected.

btw, Why get_scan_count() return 0 instead 1? Why don't we round up?
Git log says it is intentionally.

commit e0f79b8f1f3394bb344b7b83d6f121ac2af327de
Author: Johannes Weiner <hannes@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sat Oct 18 20:26:55 2008 -0700

vmscan: don't accumulate scan pressure on unrelated lists

> In my test, I saw the livelock, too so apparently we have a problem.
> I couldn't dig in it recently by another urgent my work.
> I think you know root cause but the description in this patch isn't enough
> for me to be persuaded.
> Could you explain the root cause in detail?

If you have an another fixing idea, please let me know. :)

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