[PATCH v4 2/6] x86-64: Remove unnecessary barrier in vread_tsc
From: Andy Lutomirski
Date: Mon May 16 2011 - 12:04:43 EST
RDTSC is completely unordered on modern Intel and AMD CPUs. The
Intel manual says that lfence;rdtsc causes all previous instructions
to complete before the tsc is read, and the AMD manual says to use
mfence;rdtsc to do the same thing.
>From a decent amount of testing  this is enough to make rdtsc
be ordered with respect to subsequent loads across a wide variety
On Sandy Bridge (i7-2600), this improves a loop of
clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC) by more than 5 ns/iter.
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxx>
arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c | 9 +++++----
1 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
index bc46566..7cabdae 100644
@@ -769,13 +769,14 @@ static cycle_t __vsyscall_fn vread_tsc(void)
- * Surround the RDTSC by barriers, to make sure it's not
- * speculated to outside the seqlock critical section and
- * does not cause time warps:
+ * Empirically, a fence (of type that depends on the CPU)
+ * before rdtsc is enough to ensure that rdtsc is ordered
+ * with respect to loads. The various CPU manuals are unclear
+ * as to whether rdtsc can be reordered with later loads,
+ * but no one has ever seen it happen.
ret = (cycle_t)vget_cycles();
return ret >= VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last ?
ret : VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last;
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