Re: Big I/O latencies, except when iotop is hooked
From: Felipe Contreras
Date: Wed May 09 2012 - 16:16:12 EST
On Wed, May 9, 2012 at 7:56 PM, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Wednesday 09 May 2012, Felipe Contreras wrote:
>> I've been noticing big I/O latencies when doing operations with
>> notmuch (xapian database), the operations are quite simple and
>> probably should not need a lot of I/O, however, they seen to take a
>> long time, sometimes even seconds. But when I hook iotop (-p pid), the
>> latency goes away, and every operation is reliably instantaneous
>> Do you have any ideas what might be causing this delay, and why is
>> iotop making it go away?
>> BTW. This is an ext4 encrypted partition on a USB stick, I tried
>> different mount options without any noticeable change. I tried to copy
>> the data to my SSD drive and do the same operations, while it was much
>> faster, it still seemed to have some delays triggered randomly. This
>> is with v3.3.5.
> USB sticks like most other cheap flash media tend to have long latencies
> because of the effects I describe on https://lwn.net/Articles/428584/.
> I don't know if you have the chance to run flashbench on it (which
> will destroy the data for the partition you are testing), but that
> should at least tell you if it's a problem with the drive.
> You can also use the information from that and combine it with
> a blocktrace log and flashsim to see where the actual latencies
> are expected to happen.
> The first thing you should check is whether the partitions are
> properly aligned, using 'fdisk -l -u /dev/sdX'.
> Of course none of this will tell you why iotop makes any difference.
And it doesn't tell me why I see the issue on my SSD as well; albeit
with much less delay.
I'll try what you suggest, maybe I will get better performance by
aligning the partitions, but the real issue seems to lie elsewhere,
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