[PATCH] futex: Fix uninterruptible loop due to gate_area

From: Hugh Dickins
Date: Sat Dec 31 2011 - 14:44:01 EST

commit e6780f7243eddb133cc20ec37fa69317c218b709 upstream.

It was found (by Sasha) that if you use a futex located in the gate
area we get stuck in an uninterruptible infinite loop, much like the
ZERO_PAGE issue.

While looking at this problem, PeterZ realized you'll get into similar
trouble when hitting any install_special_pages() mapping. And are there
still drivers setting up their own special mmaps without page->mapping,
and without special VM or pte flags to make get_user_pages fail?

In most cases, if page->mapping is NULL, we do not need to retry at all:
Linus points out that even /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches poses no problem,
because it ends up using remove_mapping(), which takes care not to
interfere when the page reference count is raised.

But there is still one case which does need a retry: if memory pressure
called shmem_writepage in between get_user_pages_fast dropping page
table lock and our acquiring page lock, then the page gets switched from
filecache to swapcache (and ->mapping set to NULL) whatever the refcount.
Fault it back in to get the page->mapping needed for key->shared.inode.

Reported-by: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
[PG: 2.6.34 variable is page, not page_head, since it doesn't have a5b338f2]
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

diff --git a/kernel/futex.c b/kernel/futex.c
index 98a354d..8b467b4 100644
--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -264,17 +264,29 @@ again:

page = compound_head(page);
+ /*
+ * If page->mapping is NULL, then it cannot be a PageAnon
+ * page; but it might be the ZERO_PAGE or in the gate area or
+ * in a special mapping (all cases which we are happy to fail);
+ * or it may have been a good file page when get_user_pages_fast
+ * found it, but truncated or holepunched or subjected to
+ * invalidate_complete_page2 before we got the page lock (also
+ * cases which we are happy to fail). And we hold a reference,
+ * so refcount care in invalidate_complete_page's remove_mapping
+ * prevents drop_caches from setting mapping to NULL beneath us.
+ *
+ * The case we do have to guard against is when memory pressure made
+ * shmem_writepage move it from filecache to swapcache beneath us:
+ * an unlikely race, but we do need to retry for page->mapping.
+ */
if (!page->mapping) {
+ int shmem_swizzled = PageSwapCache(page);
- /*
- * ZERO_PAGE pages don't have a mapping. Avoid a busy loop
- * trying to find one. RW mapping would have COW'd (and thus
- * have a mapping) so this page is RO and won't ever change.
- */
- if ((page == ZERO_PAGE(address)))
- return -EFAULT;
- goto again;
+ if (shmem_swizzled)
+ goto again;
+ return -EFAULT;


To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/