[GIT][v3.5] Document no_new_privs
From: James Morris
Date: Mon Jul 02 2012 - 22:47:04 EST
Please pull -- this documents a new 3.5 feature.
The following changes since commit ca24a145573124732152daff105ba68cc9a2b545:
Linus Torvalds (1):
Merge branch 'fixes' of git://git.linaro.org/people/rmk/linux-arm
are available in the git repository at:
Andy Lutomirski (1):
security: document no_new_privs
Documentation/prctl/no_new_privs.txt | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 50 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/prctl/no_new_privs.txt
Author: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Mon Jul 2 14:03:58 2012 -0700
security: document no_new_privs
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@xxxxxxxxxx>
diff --git a/Documentation/prctl/no_new_privs.txt b/Documentation/prctl/no_new_privs.txt
new file mode 100644
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+The execve system call can grant a newly-started program privileges that
+its parent did not have. The most obvious examples are setuid/setgid
+programs and file capabilities. To prevent the parent program from
+gaining these privileges as well, the kernel and user code must be
+careful to prevent the parent from doing anything that could subvert the
+child. For example:
+ - The dynamic loader handles LD_* environment variables differently if
+ a program is setuid.
+ - chroot is disallowed to unprivileged processes, since it would allow
+ /etc/passwd to be replaced from the point of view of a process that
+ inherited chroot.
+ - The exec code has special handling for ptrace.
+These are all ad-hoc fixes. The no_new_privs bit (since Linux 3.5) is a
+new, generic mechanism to make it safe for a process to modify its
+execution environment in a manner that persists across execve. Any task
+can set no_new_privs. Once the bit is set, it is inherited across fork,
+clone, and execve and cannot be unset. With no_new_privs set, execve
+promises not to grant the privilege to do anything that could not have
+been done without the execve call. For example, the setuid and setgid
+bits will no longer change the uid or gid; file capabilities will not
+add to the permitted set, and LSMs will not relax constraints after
+Note that no_new_privs does not prevent privilege changes that do not
+involve execve. An appropriately privileged task can still call
+setuid(2) and receive SCM_RIGHTS datagrams.
+There are two main use cases for no_new_privs so far:
+ - Filters installed for the seccomp mode 2 sandbox persist across
+ execve and can change the behavior of newly-executed programs.
+ Unprivileged users are therefore only allowed to install such filters
+ if no_new_privs is set.
+ - By itself, no_new_privs can be used to reduce the attack surface
+ available to an unprivileged user. If everything running with a
+ given uid has no_new_privs set, then that uid will be unable to
+ escalate its privileges by directly attacking setuid, setgid, and
+ fcap-using binaries; it will need to compromise something without the
+ no_new_privs bit set first.
+In the future, other potentially dangerous kernel features could become
+available to unprivileged tasks if no_new_privs is set. In principle,
+several options to unshare(2) and clone(2) would be safe when
+no_new_privs is set, and no_new_privs + chroot is considerable less
+dangerous than chroot by itself.
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