Re: [PATCH] pidns: limit the nesting depth of pid namespaces
From: Andrey Wagin
Date: Fri Oct 19 2012 - 10:25:18 EST
Hello Andrew and Oleg,
Andrew, what do you think about this patch? I reworked it according
with your comments to the previous version.
Oleg, could you send Ack in this version, if it's ok for you.
2012/10/12 Andrew Vagin <avagin@xxxxxxxxxx>:
> 'struct pid' is a "variable sized struct" - a header with an array
> of upids at the end.
> A size of the array depends on a level (depth) of pid namespaces. Now
> a level of pidns is not limited, so 'struct pid' can be more than one
> Looks reasonable, that it should be less than a page. MAX_PIS_NS_LEVEL
> is not calculated from PAGE_SIZE, because in this case it depends on
> architectures, config options and it will be reduced, if someone adds a
> new fields in struct pid or struct upid.
> I suggest to set MAX_PIS_NS_LEVEL = 32, because it saves ability to
> expand "struct pid" and it's more than enough for all known for me
> use-cases. When someone finds a reasonable use case, we can add a
> config option or a sysctl parameter.
> In addition it will reduce effect of another problem, when we have many
> nested namespaces and the oldest one starts dying. zap_pid_ns_processe
> will be called for each namespace and find_vpid will be called for each
> process in a namespace. find_vpid will be called minimum max_level^2 / 2
> times. The reason of that is that when we found a bit in pidmap, we
> can't determine this pidns is top for this process or it isn't.
> vpid is a heavy operation, so a fork bomb, which create many nested
> namespace, can do a system inaccessible for a long time.
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Vagin <avagin@xxxxxxxxxx>
> kernel/pid_namespace.c | 6 ++++++
> 1 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/kernel/pid_namespace.c b/kernel/pid_namespace.c
> index b051fa6..598bfb3 100644
> --- a/kernel/pid_namespace.c
> +++ b/kernel/pid_namespace.c
> @@ -70,12 +70,18 @@ err_alloc:
> return NULL;
> +/* MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL is needed for limiting size of 'struct pid' */
> +#define MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL 32
> static struct pid_namespace *create_pid_namespace(struct pid_namespace *parent_pid_ns)
> struct pid_namespace *ns;
> unsigned int level = parent_pid_ns->level + 1;
> int i, err = -ENOMEM;
> + if (level > MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL)
> + goto out;
> ns = kmem_cache_zalloc(pid_ns_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
> if (ns == NULL)
> goto out;
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