Re: [PATCH] of: When constructing the bus id consider assigned-addresses as well

From: Grant Likely
Date: Mon Dec 03 2012 - 09:27:05 EST

On Fri, 30 Nov 2012 17:49:48 -0700, Jason Gunthorpe <jgunthorpe@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 30, 2012 at 09:48:05AM +0000, Grant Likely wrote:
> > > If you attempt to stick a 'reg' in a block nested below a
> > > 'device_type="pci"' the kernel throws lots of error messsages and
> > > generates bad address mappings.
> >
> > Have you added the appropriate #address-cells and #size-cells to the pci
> > device node to go back to a non-pci addressing mode?
> > assigned-addresses
> Switching away from the 5 dword address format is not ideal
> because then there is no way to specify the resource region (prefetch,
> io, mmio) and mmio would have to be assumed.

You don't need to switch away from using 5 cells if that works best for
you, but I'd be surprised if it was the ideal representation. I would
expect you to use a representation that makes sense for the internal bus
architecture of the device. If if exactly matches the PCI address, then
go ahead with 5 cells, but if it is one or more 32bit busses, then use 1
or 2 for #address-cells and 1 for #size-cells.

> > only makes sense in the pci-device node itself. reg should work for all
> > nodes below that, and if it doesn't then it is a bug that we need to
> > fix.
> Okay.. but how should the DTS be constructed?
pcie_bus { // The PCI-E bus
device_type = "pci";
ranges = <5dw ranges>;
#address-cells = <3>;
#size-cells = <2>;
soc_bridge { // The PCI-E device
device_type = "pci";

// These are important to set up the address format in the child
// nodes
#address-cells = <3>;
#size-cells = <2>;

// Translation from PCI bus space to local bus space.
ranges = <5dw ranges>;

soc_device { // Internal device
reg = <5dw regs>

> This is what I have now, the soc_bridge PCI-E device is DTS modeled as
> a PCI bridge - it has a ranges with its memory location, and the
> children nodes are relative to those ranges. This would not be typical
> for a non-bridge PCI-E device.

Now, if the children of soc_bridge really are PCI devices (and not just
plain-vanilla memory mapped IP cores like I assume above), then they
shouldn't be registered in the kernel as platform_devices at all. In
that case register them as PCI devices and the existing PCI
infrastructure should do the naming correctly.

> The reason for the 'assigned-address' requirement with the current
> kernel code is the device_type=pci on soc_bridge. This makes
> of_match_bus(parent) for soc_device return the PCI structure, which
> has '.addresses = "assigned-addresses",'

If the soc_devices are getting triggered on that and they shouldn't be,
then we need a mechanism in the soc_bridge node to kick out of that
behavoir for its children.

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