Re: [Patch v4 01/12] memory-hotplug: try to offline the memory twiceto avoid dependence

From: Tang Chen
Date: Tue Dec 04 2012 - 04:18:23 EST

On 11/27/2012 06:00 PM, Wen Congyang wrote:
memory can't be offlined when CONFIG_MEMCG is selected.
For example: there is a memory device on node 1. The address range
is [1G, 1.5G). You will find 4 new directories memory8, memory9, memory10,
and memory11 under the directory /sys/devices/system/memory/.

If CONFIG_MEMCG is selected, we will allocate memory to store page cgroup
when we online pages. When we online memory8, the memory stored page cgroup
is not provided by this memory device. But when we online memory9, the memory
stored page cgroup may be provided by memory8. So we can't offline memory8
now. We should offline the memory in the reversed order.

When the memory device is hotremoved, we will auto offline memory provided
by this memory device. But we don't know which memory is onlined first, so
offlining memory may fail. In such case, iterate twice to offline the memory.
1st iterate: offline every non primary memory block.
2nd iterate: offline primary (i.e. first added) memory block.

This idea is suggested by KOSAKI Motohiro.

CC: David Rientjes<rientjes@xxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Jiang Liu<liuj97@xxxxxxxxx>
CC: Len Brown<len.brown@xxxxxxxxx>
CC: Christoph Lameter<cl@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Minchan Kim<>
CC: Andrew Morton<akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
CC: KOSAKI Motohiro<kosaki.motohiro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Yasuaki Ishimatsu<isimatu.yasuaki@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang<wency@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Reviewed-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

mm/memory_hotplug.c | 16 ++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index e4eeaca..b825dbc 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1012,10 +1012,13 @@ int remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
unsigned long start_pfn, end_pfn;
unsigned long pfn, section_nr;
int ret;
+ int return_on_error = 0;
+ int retry = 0;

start_pfn = PFN_DOWN(start);
end_pfn = start_pfn + PFN_DOWN(size);

for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn< end_pfn; pfn += PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
if (!present_section_nr(section_nr))
@@ -1034,14 +1037,23 @@ int remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)

ret = offline_memory_block(mem);
if (ret) {
- kobject_put(&mem->dev.kobj);
- return ret;
+ if (return_on_error) {
+ kobject_put(&mem->dev.kobj);
+ return ret;
+ } else {
+ retry = 1;
+ }

if (mem)

+ if (retry) {
+ return_on_error = 1;
+ goto repeat;
+ }
return 0;

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