Re: [RFC PATCH 0/6] kvm: Growable memory slot array

From: Marcelo Tosatti
Date: Wed Dec 05 2012 - 16:44:59 EST

On Mon, Dec 03, 2012 at 04:39:05PM -0700, Alex Williamson wrote:
> Memory slots are currently a fixed resource with a relatively small
> limit. When using PCI device assignment in a qemu guest it's fairly
> easy to exhaust the number of available slots. I posted patches
> exploring growing the number of memory slots a while ago, but it was
> prior to caching memory slot array misses and thefore had potentially
> poor performance. Now that we do that, Avi seemed receptive to
> increasing the memory slot array to arbitrary lengths. I think we
> still don't want to impose unnecessary kernel memory consumptions on
> guests not making use of this, so I present again a growable memory
> slot array.
> A couple notes/questions; in the previous version we had a
> kvm_arch_flush_shadow() call when we increased the number of slots.
> I'm not sure if this is still necessary. I had also made the x86
> specific slot_bitmap dynamically grow as well and switch between a
> direct bitmap and indirect pointer to a bitmap. That may have
> contributed to needing the flush.

I don't remember. Do you recall what was the argument back then?
(there must have been some).

> I haven't done that yet here
> because it seems like an unnecessary complication if we have a max
> on the order of 512 or 1024 entries. A bit per slot isn't a lot of
> overhead. If we want to go more, maybe we should make it switch.
> That leads to the final question, we need an upper bound since this
> does allow consumption of extra kernel memory, what should it be? A
> PCI bus filled with assigned devices can theorically use up to 2048
> slots (32 devices * 8 functions * (6 BARs + ROM + possibly split
> MSI-X BAR)). For this RFC, I don't change the max, just make it
> grow up to 32 user slots. Untested on anything but x86 so far.
> Thanks,

Not sure. Some reasonable number based on current usage expectations?
(can be increased later if necessary).

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at