Re: [PATCH V2] MCE: fix an error of mce_bad_pages statistics

From: Andrew Morton
Date: Fri Dec 07 2012 - 17:10:57 EST

On Fri, 7 Dec 2012 16:48:45 +0800
Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> On x86 platform, if we use "/sys/devices/system/memory/soft_offline_page" to offline a
> free page twice, the value of mce_bad_pages will be added twice. So this is an error,
> since the page was already marked HWPoison, we should skip the page and don't add the
> value of mce_bad_pages.
> $ cat /proc/meminfo | grep HardwareCorrupted
> soft_offline_page()
> get_any_page()
> atomic_long_add(1, &mce_bad_pages)
> ...
> --- a/mm/memory-failure.c
> +++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
> @@ -1582,8 +1582,11 @@ int soft_offline_page(struct page *page, int flags)
> return ret;
> done:
> - atomic_long_add(1, &mce_bad_pages);
> - SetPageHWPoison(page);
> /* keep elevated page count for bad page */
> + if (!PageHWPoison(page)) {
> + atomic_long_add(1, &mce_bad_pages);
> + SetPageHWPoison(page);
> + }
> +
> return ret;
> }

A few things:

- soft_offline_page() already checks for this case:

if (PageHWPoison(page)) {
pr_info("soft offline: %#lx page already poisoned\n", pfn);
return -EBUSY;

so why didn't this check work for you?

Presumably because one of the earlier "goto done" branches was
taken. Which one, any why?

This function is an utter mess. It contains six return points
randomly intermingled with three "goto done" return points.

This mess is probably the cause of the bug you have observed. Can
we please fix it up somehow? It *seems* that the design (lol) of
this function is "for errors, return immediately. For success, goto
done". In which case "done" should have been called "success". But
if you just look at the function you'll see that this approach didn't
work. I suggest it be converted to have two return points - one for
the success path, one for the failure path. Or something.

- soft_offline_huge_page() is a miniature copy of soft_offline_page()
and might suffer the same bug.

- A cleaner, shorter and possibly faster implementation is

if (!TestSetPageHWPoison(page))
atomic_long_add(1, &mce_bad_pages);

- We have atomic_long_inc(). Use it?

- Why do we have a variable called "mce_bad_pages"? MCE is an x86
concept, and this code is in mm/. Lights are flashing, bells are
ringing and a loudspeaker is blaring "layering violation" at us!
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