Re: [PATCH] iommu: making IOMMU sysfs nodes API public
From: David Gibson
Date: Tue Feb 19 2013 - 02:39:08 EST
On Mon, Feb 18, 2013 at 10:24:00PM -0700, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Mon, 2013-02-18 at 17:15 +1100, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> > On 13/02/13 04:15, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > > On Wed, 2013-02-13 at 01:42 +1100, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> > >> On 12/02/13 16:07, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > >>> On Tue, 2013-02-12 at 15:06 +1100, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> > >>>> Having this patch in a tree, adding new nodes in sysfs
> > >>>> for IOMMU groups is going to be easier.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> The first candidate for this change is a "dma-window-size"
> > >>>> property which tells a size of a DMA window of the specific
> > >>>> IOMMU group which can be used later for locked pages accounting.
> > >>>
> > >>> I'm still churning on this one; I'm nervous this would basically creat
> > >>> a /proc free-for-all under /sys/kernel/iommu_group/$GROUP/ where any
> > >>> iommu driver can add random attributes. That can get ugly for
> > >>> userspace.
> > >>
> > >> Is not it exactly what sysfs is for (unlike /proc)? :)
> > >
> > > Um, I hope it's a little more thought out than /proc.
> > >
> > >>> On the other hand, for the application of userspace knowing how much
> > >>> memory to lock for vfio use of a group, it's an appealing location to
> > >>> get that information. Something like libvirt would already be poking
> > >>> around here to figure out which devices to bind. Page limits need to be
> > >>> setup prior to use through vfio, so sysfs is more convenient than
> > >>> through vfio ioctls.
> > >>
> > >> True. DMA window properties do not change since boot so sysfs is the right
> > >> place to expose them.
> > >>
> > >>> But then is dma-window-size just a vfio requirement leaking over into
> > >>> iommu groups? Can we allow iommu driver based attributes without giving
> > >>> up control of the namespace? Thanks,
> > >>
> > >> Who are you asking these questions? :)
> > >
> > > Anyone, including you. Rather than dropping misc files in sysfs to
> > > describe things about the group, I think the better solution in your
> > > case might be a link from the group to an existing sysfs directory
> > > describing the PE. I believe your PE is rooted in a PCI bridge, so that
> > > presumably already has a representation in sysfs. Can the aperture size
> > > be determined from something in sysfs for that bridge already? I'm just
> > > not ready to create a grab bag of sysfs entries for a group yet.
> > > Thanks,
> > At the moment there is no information neither in sysfs nor
> > /proc/device-tree about the dma-window. And adding a sysfs entry per PE
> > (powerpc partitionable end-point which is often a PHB but not always) just
> > for VFIO is quite heavy.
> How do you learn the window size and PE extents in the host kernel?
> > We could add a ppc64 subfolder under /sys/kernel/iommu/xxx/ and put the
> > "dma-window" property there. And replace it with a symlink when and if we
> > add something for PE later. Would work?
Fwiw, I'd suggest a subfolder named for the type of IOMMU, rather than
> To be clear, you're suggesting /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/$GROUP/xxx/,
> right? A subfolder really only limits the scope of the mess, so it's
> not much improvement. What does the interface look like to make those
> The problem we're trying to solve is this call flow:
> containerfd = open("/dev/vfio/vfio");
> ioctl(containerfd, VFIO_GET_API_VERSION);
> ioctl(containerfd, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, ...);
> groupfd = open("/dev/vfio/$GROUP");
> ioctl(groupfd, VFIO_GROUP_GET_STATUS);
> ioctl(groupfd, VFIO_GROUP_SET_CONTAINER, &containerfd);
> You wanted to lock all the memory for the DMA window here, before we can
> call VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO, but does it need to happen there? We still
> have a MAP_DMA hook. We could do it all on the first mapping.
MAP_DMA isn't quite enough, since the guest can also directly cause
mappings using hypercalls directly implemented in KVM. I think it
would be feasible to lock on the first mapping (either via MAP_DMA, or
H_PUT_TCE) though it would be a bit ugly and require that the first
H_PUT_TCE always bounce out to virtual mode (Alexey, correct me if I'm
wrong here). IIRC there is also a call to bind the vfio container to
a (qemu assigned) LIOBN, before the guest can use H_PUT_TCE directly,
so that might be another place we could do the lock.
> It also
> has a flags field that could augment the behavior to trigger page
I don't see how the flags help us - we can't have userspace choose to
skip the locked memory accounting. Or are you suggesting a flag to
open the container in some sort of dummy mode where only GET_INFO is
possible, then re-open with the full locking?
> Adding the window size to sysfs seems more readily convenient,
> but is it so hard for userspace to open the files and call a couple
> ioctls to get far enough to call IOMMU_GET_INFO? I'm unconvinced the
> clutter in sysfs more than just a quick fix. Thanks,
And finally, as Alexey points out, isn't the point here so we know how
much rlimit to give qemu? Using ioctls we'd need a special tool just
to check the dma window sizes, which seems a bit hideous.
David Gibson | I'll have my music baroque, and my code
david AT gibson.dropbear.id.au | minimalist, thank you. NOT _the_ _other_
| _way_ _around_!
Description: Digital signature