Re: [PATCH 3/3] i2c: nomadik: use pinctrl PM helpers

From: Linus Walleij
Date: Fri Jun 07 2013 - 04:33:51 EST

On Wed, Jun 5, 2013 at 6:34 PM, Kevin Hilman <khilman@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

>> From: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> This utilize the new pinctrl core PM helpers to transition
>> the driver to "sleep" and "idle" states, cutting away some
>> boilerplate code.
>> Cc: Hebbar Gururaja <gururaja.hebbar@xxxxxx>
>> Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> Cc: Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@xxxxxxxxx>
>> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>> Cc: Stephen Warren <swarren@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>> Cc: Wolfram Sang <wsa@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>> Signed-off-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@xxxxxxxxxx>
> I have some questions on the interaction with runtime PM here...

OK, to get the basic infrastructure in place I have merged these
patches with the I2C maintainers ACK, since it is doing one thing,
i.e. moving the functionality out of the driver and into the pinctrl

I am considering semantic changes related to runtime PM in
addition to this as a separate patch, so let's start talking about
that here.

It would be inappropriate to try to create a patch that is
changing these two things at once, but let's see where we end
up by the merge window.

>> @@ -645,13 +636,7 @@ static int nmk_i2c_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *i2c_adap,
>> }
>> /* Optionaly enable pins to be muxed in and configured */
>> - if (!IS_ERR(dev->pins_default)) {
>> - status = pinctrl_select_state(dev->pinctrl,
>> - dev->pins_default);
>> - if (status)
>> - dev_err(&dev->adev->dev,
>> - "could not set default pins\n");
>> - }
>> + pinctrl_pm_select_default_state(&dev->adev->dev);
> Shouldn't this be in the ->runtime_resume() callback of the driver (the
> original code should've as well.)
> IOW, the pinctrl changes only need to happen when the runtime PM
> usecount goes from zero to 1. For any additional users, the device will
> already be active and pins already in default state.
> I'm not familiar with this HW, and maybe the driver already prevents
> multiple users, but for correctness sake (and because others will copy
> this), the (re)muxing should be in the runtime PM callback.

I2C message are serialized/marshalled by nature so it's actually
not causing a concurrency problem: this xfer function will not be
called from two places for the same driver.

What is true however is that we're hammering the pins from
active to idle for every transfer, instead of letting runtime PM
provide some nice hysteresis (autosuspend) around that.

Notice though that:

- This driver has no driver-local runtime PM callbacks, so the
runtime PM calls are intended to inform the rest of the system,
such as the bus, that the device is idle.

- The bus used is the AMBA (PrimeCell) bus,

> Also, IMO, that's further evidence that the pinctrl stuff could (and
> probably should) be handled by the PM core.

So I'm now thinking about how to achieve this.

What happens for this driver when the usecount goes from
1->0 is (the other way is very similar):


if (dev->pm_domain)
callback = dev->pm_domain->ops.runtime_suspend;
else if (dev->type && dev->type->pm)
callback = dev->type->pm->runtime_suspend;
else if (dev->class && dev->class->pm)
callback = dev->class->pm->runtime_suspend;
else if (dev->bus && dev->bus->pm)
callback = dev->bus->pm->runtime_suspend;
callback = NULL;

if (!callback && dev->driver && dev->driver->pm)
callback = dev->driver->pm->runtime_suspend;

retval = rpm_callback(callback, dev);

This platform will currently hit dev->bus->pm->runtime_suspend
to drivers/amba/bus.c:

static int amba_pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev)
struct amba_device *pcdev = to_amba_device(dev);
int ret = pm_generic_runtime_suspend(dev);

if (ret == 0 && dev->driver)

return ret;

The pm_generic_runtime_suspend will call the driver callbacks
(none in this case).

Then the bus core proceeds to gate off the block clock and
we're done.

I could make a patch adding runtime PM ops to the
driver itself to set the pinctrl state from there, which would
be a nice improvement in itself.

But we're discussing handling it all in the PM core, so
let's think bigger.

If we're making this all generic, were in this chain do you
suggest that I set the pins to idle?

One thing in particular that worries me here is the ordering
of things, because that has been a severe issue for us.

For example: maybe on a certain platform pins need to
be idled/defaulted *before* calling the PM domain or
bus callbacks are executed, because of transient IRQs
and whatnot. So I put my pinctrl_pm_select_idle_state()
*before* the chain of calls.

But sometimes you may want to execute the
pinctrl_pm_select_idle_state() *after* all other things have
been done, including the calls to the domain/bus/driver.

And this is only for the runtime suspend/resume path.

For the common suspend/resume path things get more
complex still. Users may need to call
pinctrl_pm_select_sleep_state() in the middle of the
code sending the platform done, and will not survive it
being called by the PM core, and we'd need to add a flag
for this etc.

To sum up I am afraid of a can of worms of corner cases
on something that looks simple here. Thus I cannot really
make a patch moving pinctrl state selection to the PM
core, I don't know the business there well enough, I just know
there are tigers in there :-/

Linus Walleij
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