Re: [PATCH] [RFC] mnt: restrict a number of "struct mnt"

From: Andrey Wagin
Date: Mon Jun 17 2013 - 18:56:58 EST

2013/6/17 Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xxxxxxxxxxxx>:
> Andrey Vagin <avagin@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:
>> I found that a few processes can eat all host memory and nobody can kill them.
>> $ mount -t tmpfs xxx /mnt
>> $ mount --make-shared /mnt
>> $ for i in `seq 30`; do mount --bind /mnt `mktemp -d /mnt/test.XXXXXX` & done
>> All this processes are unkillable, because they took i_mutex and waits
>> namespace_lock.
>> ...
>> 21715 pts/0 D 0:00 \_ mount --bind /mnt /mnt/test.ht6jzO
>> 21716 pts/0 D 0:00 \_ mount --bind /mnt /mnt/test.97K4mI
>> 21717 pts/0 R 0:01 \_ mount --bind /mnt /mnt/test.gO2CD9
>> ...
>> Each of this process doubles a number of mounts, so at the end we will
>> have about 2^32 mounts and the size of struct mnt is 256 bytes, so we
>> need about 1TB of RAM.
>> Another problem is that “umount” of a big tree is very hard operation
>> and it requires a lot of time.
>> E.g.:
>> 16411
>> umount("/tmp/xxx", MNT_DETACH) = 0 <7.852066> (7.8 sec)
>> 32795
>> umount("/tmp/xxx", MNT_DETACH) = 0 <34.485501> ( 34 sec)
>> For all this time sys_umoun takes namespace_sem and vfsmount_lock...
>> Due to all this reasons I suggest to restrict a number of mounts.
>> Probably we can optimize this code in a future, but now this restriction
>> can help.
> So for anyone seriously worried about this kind of thing in general we
> already have the memory control group, which is quite capable of
> limiting this kind of thing,

> and it limits all memory allocations not just mount.

And that is problem, we can't to limit a particular slab. Let's
imagine a real container with 4Gb of RAM. What is a kernel memory
limit resonable for it? I setup 64 Mb (it may be not enough for real
CT, but it's enough to make host inaccessible for some minutes).

$ mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/test
$ echo $((64 << 20)) > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/test/memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes
$ unshare -m
$ echo $$ > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/test/tasks
$ mount --make-rprivate /
$ mount -t tmpfs xxx /mnt
$ mount --make-shared /mnt
$ time bash -c 'set -m; for i in `seq 30`; do mount --bind /mnt
`mktemp -d /mnt/test.XXXXXX` & done; for i in `seq 30`; do wait;
real 0m23.141s
user 0m0.016s
sys 0m22.881s

While the last script is working, nobody can't to read /proc/mounts or
mount something. I don't think that users from other containers will
be glad. This problem is not so significant in compared with umounting
of this tree.

$ strace -T umount -l /mnt
umount("/mnt", MNT_DETACH) = 0 <548.898244>
The host is inaccessible, it writes messages about soft lockup in
kernel log and eats 100% cpu.

> Is there some reason we want to go down the path of adding and tuning
> static limits all over the kernel? As opposed to streamlining the memory
> control group so it is low overhead and everyone that cares can use it?

The memory control group doesn't help in this case... I need to look
at this code in more details, maybe we can limit a depth of nested
mount points.
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