Re: power-efficient scheduling design

From: Arjan van de Ven
Date: Tue Jun 18 2013 - 11:20:38 EST

On 6/14/2013 9:05 AM, Morten Rasmussen wrote:

Looking at the discussion it seems that people have slightly different
views, but most agree that the goal is an integrated scheduling,
frequency, and idle policy like you pointed out from the beginning.

... except that such a solution does not really work for Intel hardware.

The OS does not get to really pick the CPU "frequency" (never mind that
frequency is not what gets controlled), the hardware picks the frequency.
The OS can do some level of requests (best to think of this as a percentage
more than frequency) but what you actually get is more often than not
what you asked for.

You can look in hindsight what kind of performance you got (from some basic
counters in MSRs), and the scheduler can use that to account backwards to what some process
got. But to predict what you will get in the future...... that's near impossible
on any realistic system nowadays (and even more so in the future).

Treating "frequency" (well "performance) and idle separately is also a false thing to do
(yes I know in 3.9/3.10 we still do that for Intel hw, but we're working
on fixing that). They are by no means separate things. One guy's idle state
is the other guys power budget (and thus performance)!.

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at