Re: [PATCH] um: change defconfig to stop spawning xterm

From: Lennart Poettering
Date: Wed Jul 24 2013 - 12:50:02 EST

On Tue, 23.07.13 08:57, Al Viro (viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) wrote:

> On Tue, Jul 23, 2013 at 07:47:07AM +0200, richard -rw- weinberger wrote:
> > Adding Al again, someone dropped him from the CC list...
> FWIW, all this crap stems from the old decision to use major 4 for
> uml consoles. And it was a bad decision, no arguments here.
> It's also a decision we are years too late to revert.
> a) VT102, let alone the extensions to it, is simply wrong for uml;
> if it's understood by anything, it's on the host userland side.
> xterm(1) has a notion of two-dimensional array of characters on screen,
> organized in logical lines, etc. So does screen(1). So does
> drivers/tty/vt/* (i.e. the kernel side of virtual console). uml
> console does *not* have such a notion - it passes a linear stream
> of octets, sight unseen, to whatever's on the other side of connection.
> Doing an equivalent of drivers/tty/vt/* would mean maintaining such
> a 2D array internally *AND* somehow passing updates to that beast
> to whatever's on the other side. That could be done (after all,
> libcurses manages), but it won't be compatible with existing setups
> and it should be a separate driver, anyway. Granted, it would've
> made a whole lot more sense in role of /dev/tty<n>, but it's too late
> for that now.

The UML tty devices are in most regards pretty much like serial TTYs
where there's also no meta-information available which terminal
emulation is actually spoken on it, and that's covered pretty much OK

> b) changing the major of /dev/tty<n> on uml will break existing setups.
> Ain't feasible. We probably can get away with making that controlled
> by kernel option, and it might make sense to try going that way, but
> I'm not entirely convinced it's worth bothering. Up to uml maintainer...
> IMO if we go that way, we ought to pass the relevant part of config
> (i.e. is it xterm or pts or plain opened file) in the event udev
> gets, so that the userland would have at least a chance of dealing
> with another real problem - selecting TERM value for getty.

Which major/minor you use is irrelevant to userspace. The userspace API
however assumes that /dev/tty[1..63] refers to the tty devices of the
virtual console. As long as you provide some other TTY under that name
then the virtual console TTYs you simply provide a broken API to
userspace, and hence programs break. systemd does, gpm does, X11 does,
and everything else that interfaces with the VC via VC APIs does too.

Just pick a different name for the TTYs that UML uses, just not
/dev/tty[1..63] and everything is fine. That's what the virtualization
folks did with their hypervisor consoles, and is what we required from
the container folks too.


Lennart Poettering - Red Hat, Inc.
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