Re: How to create IRQ mappings in a GPIO driver that doesn't control its IRQ domain ?

From: Laurent Pinchart
Date: Wed Jul 31 2013 - 07:10:37 EST

Hi Tomasz,

On Sunday 28 July 2013 12:07:48 Tomasz Figa wrote:
> On Wednesday 24 of July 2013 01:21:44 Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> > Hello,
> >
> > I'm running into an issue on several Renesas SoC with IRQ domains and
> > GPIOs.
> >
> > On sh73a0, r8a73a4 and r8a7740, GPIOs and external interrupts are
> > handled by two separate IP cores, namely the PFC (Pin Function
> > Controller) and INTC (Interrupt Controller). The former is handled by
> > the sh-pfc driver (drivers/pinctrl/sh-pfc) and the later by the
> > irq-renesas-intc-irqpin driver (drivers/irqchip), referred to below as
> > the irqpin driver.
> Is the INTC used for anything more than just external interrupts on GPIO
> lines?

Yes, it also handles other interrupt sources (NMI and peripherals), but those
are not implemented now. The peripheral interrupts are also handled by the
GIC, which is preferred over INTC.

> > The sh73a0, for instance, has 32 external interrupt lines that are
> > multiplexed on pins usable as GPIOs. Both the GPIO and external
> > interrupt functions are usable at the same time, which allows reading
> > the state of the interrupt lines.
> >
> > These external interrupts are for MMC/SD support, among other devices.
> > In this specific case the MMC/SD Card Detect signal is wired to one of
> > the external interrupt signals, and the corresponding GPIO is passed to
> > the MMC/SD controller driver. Depending on other configuration
> > parameters the driver can then either poll the Card Detect signal, or
> > register an interrupt handler to detect changes in the signal state.
> > This features is implemented by the MMC/SD core, which call
> > gpio_to_irq() on the GPIO to retrieve the corresponding IRQ number.
> >
> > On non-DT systems the external IRQs are statically mapped at a known
> > offset. The sh-pfc driver, to implement the gpio_to_irq() function
> > (through its gpiochip .to_irq() handler), simply searches a
> > SoC-specific lookup table for the fixed IRQ number associated with a
> > given GPIO.
> >
> > However, on DT systems, IRQs are mapped dynamically on demand. The
> > irqpin driver registers a simple IRQ domain, and the
> > irq_create_mapping() function can then be used to map a given IRQ,
> > specified as an offset in the domain. This is where the problem
> > appears, as the irqchip .to_irq() function is implemented in the sh-pfc
> I assume it should be s/irqchip/gpiochip/ in the line above, shouldn't it?

Yes, my bad.

> > driver, which doesn't have access to the IRQ domain registered by the
> > irqpin driver.
> >
> > I could hack around this by exporting a function in the irqpin driver
> > that would map an IRQ, and call that function from the sh-pfc driver.
> > I'd rather avoid that solution as it would add a direct dependency
> > between the two drivers.
> If you could just get the IRQ domain registered by irqpin driver and use
> it in sh-pfc, then I guess it would solve your problem, as you could
> simply call irq_create_mapping() with the domain and hwirq as args in your
> gpiochip .to_irq() callback.
> I'm not sure if it's not a hack, but you could add a property to the node
> of your pin controller that would contain a phandle to your interrupt
> controller. Then you could use of_parse_phandle() to get to device node of
> the INTC and then irq_find_host() to retrieve irq domain associated with
> it.

That was my initial idea. However, one on of the SoCs, the GPIO interrupts are
divided in two separate blocks, handled by two different interrupt controller
instances. I could thus have a list of phandle + range, but that becomes
pretty hackish. Specifying the interrupts explicitly would be more extensible.

> > Has anyone run into a similar issue ? My gut feeling is that the
> > architecture isn't right somewhere, but I can't really pinpoint where.
> > As the external IRQs are handled by an IP core separate from the PFC
> Well, the fact that it's separate doesn't mean anything yet. Here my
> question whether it's used exclusively for GPIO interrupts or not becomes
> significant. If yes, maybe it could be simply moved to the pinctrl driver?

Depending on the SoC, I have two different IRQ controllers used for GPIO
interrupts. They're called INTC and IRQC. INTC has other purposes (although
not implemented at the moment). The IRQC instances used for GPIO interrupts
are (at the moment) dedicated to GPIO interrupts, but other instances of the
same IP core are used for other interrupts, so a separate driver makes sense
in my opinion.


Laurent Pinchart

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