[for-next][PATCH 4/8] ftrace: Have control op function callback only trace when RCU iswatching

From: Steven Rostedt
Date: Wed Nov 06 2013 - 09:56:12 EST

From: "Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)" <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>

Dave Jones reported that trinity would be able to trigger the following
back trace:

[ INFO: suspicious RCU usage. ]
3.10.0-rc2+ #38 Not tainted
include/linux/rcupdate.h:771 rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle!
other info that might help us debug this:

RCU used illegally from idle CPU! rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 0
RCU used illegally from extended quiescent state!
1 lock held by trinity-child1/18786:
#0: (rcu_read_lock){.+.+..}, at: [<ffffffff8113dd48>] __perf_event_overflow+0x108/0x310
stack backtrace:
CPU: 3 PID: 18786 Comm: trinity-child1 Not tainted 3.10.0-rc2+ #38
0000000000000000 ffff88020767bac8 ffffffff816e2f6b ffff88020767baf8
ffffffff810b5897 ffff88021de92520 0000000000000000 ffff88020767bbf8
0000000000000000 ffff88020767bb78 ffffffff8113ded4 ffffffff8113dd48
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff816e2f6b>] dump_stack+0x19/0x1b
[<ffffffff810b5897>] lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xe7/0x120
[<ffffffff8113ded4>] __perf_event_overflow+0x294/0x310
[<ffffffff8113dd48>] ? __perf_event_overflow+0x108/0x310
[<ffffffff81309289>] ? __const_udelay+0x29/0x30
[<ffffffff81076054>] ? __rcu_read_unlock+0x54/0xa0
[<ffffffff816f4000>] ? ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[<ffffffff8113dfa1>] perf_swevent_overflow+0x51/0xe0
[<ffffffff8113e08f>] perf_swevent_event+0x5f/0x90
[<ffffffff8113e1c9>] perf_tp_event+0x109/0x4f0
[<ffffffff8113e36f>] ? perf_tp_event+0x2af/0x4f0
[<ffffffff81074630>] ? __rcu_read_lock+0x20/0x20
[<ffffffff8112d79f>] perf_ftrace_function_call+0xbf/0xd0
[<ffffffff8110e1e1>] ? ftrace_ops_control_func+0x181/0x210
[<ffffffff81074630>] ? __rcu_read_lock+0x20/0x20
[<ffffffff81100cae>] ? rcu_eqs_enter_common+0x5e/0x470
[<ffffffff8110e1e1>] ftrace_ops_control_func+0x181/0x210
[<ffffffff816f4000>] ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[<ffffffff8110e229>] ? ftrace_ops_control_func+0x1c9/0x210
[<ffffffff816f4000>] ? ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f
[<ffffffff81074635>] ? debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled+0x5/0x40
[<ffffffff81074635>] ? debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled+0x5/0x40
[<ffffffff81100cae>] ? rcu_eqs_enter_common+0x5e/0x470
[<ffffffff8110112a>] rcu_eqs_enter+0x6a/0xb0
[<ffffffff81103673>] rcu_user_enter+0x13/0x20
[<ffffffff8114541a>] user_enter+0x6a/0xd0
[<ffffffff8100f6d8>] syscall_trace_leave+0x78/0x140
[<ffffffff816f46af>] int_check_syscall_exit_work+0x34/0x3d
------------[ cut here ]------------

Perf uses rcu_read_lock() but as the function tracer can trace functions
even when RCU is not currently active, this makes the rcu_read_lock()
used by perf ineffective.

As perf is currently the only user of the ftrace_ops_control_func() and
perf is also the only function callback that actively uses rcu_read_lock(),
the quick fix is to prevent the ftrace_ops_control_func() from calling
its callbacks if RCU is not active.

With Paul's new "rcu_is_watching()" we can tell if RCU is active or not.

Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>
kernel/trace/ftrace.c | 9 +++++++++
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/ftrace.c b/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
index 44e826a..080b7d4 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
@@ -4388,12 +4388,21 @@ ftrace_ops_control_func(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
+ /*
+ * Control funcs (perf) uses RCU. Only trace if
+ * RCU is currently active.
+ */
+ if (!rcu_is_watching())
+ goto out;
do_for_each_ftrace_op(op, ftrace_control_list) {
if (!(op->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_STUB) &&
!ftrace_function_local_disabled(op) &&
ftrace_ops_test(op, ip, regs))
op->func(ip, parent_ip, op, regs);
} while_for_each_ftrace_op(op);
+ out:

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