Re: [PATCH v5 2/7] arm64: introduce interfaces to hotpatch kerneland module code

From: Jiang Liu
Date: Wed Nov 06 2013 - 11:12:27 EST

On 11/06/2013 06:41 PM, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Mon, Nov 04, 2013 at 03:12:56PM +0000, Sandeepa Prabhu wrote:
>> On 3 November 2013 23:55, Jiang Liu <liuj97@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>> On 10/30/2013 08:12 AM, Will Deacon wrote:
>>>> On Fri, Oct 18, 2013 at 04:19:56PM +0100, Jiang Liu wrote:
>>>>> + atomic_set(&text_patch_id, smp_processor_id());
>>>>> + ret = stop_machine(aarch64_insn_patch_text_cb, &patch, cpu_online_mask);
>>>> Instead of doing this, why not instead call aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync
>>>> inline, then call kick_all_cpus_sync immediately afterwards, without the
>>>> need to stop_machine.
>>> Sandeepa, who is working on kprobe for ARM64, needs the stop_machine()
>>> mechanism to synchronize all online CPUs, so it's a preparation for
>>> kprobe.
>> I had published kprobes patches for ARM64:
>> and using your patcset (v3) for
>> patching support, it works so far.
>> I CCed you on my RFC but unfortunately to your huawei email not the gmail.
>> I can give a try with kick_all_cpus_sync but wanted to understand this
>> a bit detail on hows different from stop_machine and how this work.
> My point was just that for nosync patching, the update to the instruction
> stream is atomic with respect to instruction fetch, so stop_machine seems a
> bit overkill. kick_all_cpus can be used to ensure visibility of the new
> instruction.
> Jiang Liu seemed to imply that this isn't suitable for kprobes, but I would
> like to know if/why that is the case.
> Will
Hi Will and Sandeepa,
Seems some misunderstanding here. We provide three interfaces
1) aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(), which patches kernel/module text
without explicitly synchronization. It may be used in cases of
1.a) There's only one CPU running during early boot stage
1.b) All other CPU has been put into safe state in kgdb.
1.c) The instructions before and after patching are both hot-patch safe.

2) aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync(), which patches kernel/module text
with explicitly synchronization by stop_machine() mechanism. It may
be used to support kprobe because kprobe may patch multiple and/or
non-hotpatch safe instructions at runtime, so we need stop_machine()
for synchronization.

3) aarch64_insn_patch_text() intelligently choose
aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync() or aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync().

So for kprobe, I think need to use stop_machine() for synchronization.


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