Re: [PATCH v4] binfmt_elf.c: use get_random_int() to fix entropydepleting

From: Andrew Morton
Date: Wed Nov 06 2013 - 23:52:04 EST

On Thu, 07 Nov 2013 12:14:17 +0800 Jeff Liu <jeff.liu@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> Hi Stephan,
> As per your previous comments for this fix, you have promised another approach which
> is promising to avoid entropy starvation, I got this info from the following thread:
> [PATCH] avoid entropy starvation due to stack protection
> My current fix has been merged into Andrew's tree(marked in "stuck" state) for a long
> time, and it also works well in our internal specific kernel, I'd like to know if there
> is any update from you, so that we can move it along for mainline. :)


From: Jeff Liu <jeff.liu@xxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: binfmt_elf.c: use get_random_int() to fix entropy depleting

Entropy is quickly depleted under normal operations like ls(1), cat(1),
etc... between 2.6.30 to current mainline, for instance:

$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail
$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail
$cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail

We observed this problem has been occurring since 2.6.30 with
fs/binfmt_elf.c: create_elf_tables()->get_random_bytes(), introduced by
f06295b44c296c8f ("ELF: implement AT_RANDOM for glibc PRNG seeding").

* Generate 16 random bytes for userspace PRNG seeding.
get_random_bytes(k_rand_bytes, sizeof(k_rand_bytes));

The patch introduces a wrapper around get_random_int() which has lower
overhead than calling get_random_bytes() directly.

With this patch applied:
$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail
$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail
$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail

Analyzed by John Sobecki.

This has been applied on a specific Oracle kernel and has been running on
the customer's production environment (the original bug reporter) for
several months; it has worked fine until now.

Signed-off-by: Jie Liu <jeff.liu@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andreas Dilger <aedilger@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Alan Cox <alan@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnn@xxxxxxxx>
Cc: John Sobecki <john.sobecki@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jakub Jelinek <jakub@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ted Ts'o <tytso@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

fs/binfmt_elf.c | 21 ++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff -puN fs/binfmt_elf.c~binfmt_elfc-use-get_random_int-to-fix-entropy-depleting fs/binfmt_elf.c
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c~binfmt_elfc-use-get_random_int-to-fix-entropy-depleting
+++ a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -140,6 +140,25 @@ static int padzero(unsigned long elf_bss

+ * Use get_random_int() to implement AT_RANDOM while avoiding depletion
+ * of the entropy pool.
+ */
+static void get_atrandom_bytes(unsigned char *buf, size_t nbytes)
+ unsigned char *p = buf;
+ while (nbytes) {
+ unsigned int random_variable;
+ size_t chunk = min(nbytes, sizeof(random_variable));
+ random_variable = get_random_int();
+ memcpy(p, &random_variable, chunk);
+ p += chunk;
+ nbytes -= chunk;
+ }
static int
create_elf_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct elfhdr *exec,
unsigned long load_addr, unsigned long interp_load_addr)
@@ -201,7 +220,7 @@ create_elf_tables(struct linux_binprm *b
* Generate 16 random bytes for userspace PRNG seeding.
- get_random_bytes(k_rand_bytes, sizeof(k_rand_bytes));
+ get_atrandom_bytes(k_rand_bytes, sizeof(k_rand_bytes));
u_rand_bytes = (elf_addr_t __user *)
STACK_ALLOC(p, sizeof(k_rand_bytes));
if (__copy_to_user(u_rand_bytes, k_rand_bytes, sizeof(k_rand_bytes)))

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