[PATCH 3.2 033/185] mtd: nand: hack ONFI for non-power-of-2dimensions

From: Ben Hutchings
Date: Sat Dec 28 2013 - 21:14:09 EST

3.2.54-rc1 review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Brian Norris <computersforpeace@xxxxxxxxx>

commit 4355b70cf48363c50a9de450b01178c83aba8f6a upstream.

Some bright specification writers decided to write this in the ONFI spec
(from ONFI 3.0, Section 3.1):

"The number of blocks and number of pages per block is not required to
be a power of two. In the case where one of these values is not a
power of two, the corresponding address shall be rounded to an
integral number of bits such that it addresses a range up to the
subsequent power of two value. The host shall not access upper
addresses in a range that is shown as not supported."

This breaks every assumption MTD makes about NAND block/chip-size
dimensions -- they *must* be a power of two!

And of course, an enterprising manufacturer has made use of this lovely
freedom. Exhibit A: Micron MT29F32G08CBADAWP

"- Plane size: 2 planes x 1064 blocks per plane
- Device size: 32Gb: 2128 blockss [sic]"

This quickly hits a BUG() in nand_base.c, since the extra dimensions
overflow so we think it's a second chip (on my single-chip setup):

ONFI param page 0 valid
ONFI flash detected
NAND device: Manufacturer ID: 0x2c, Chip ID: 0x44 (Micron MT29F32G08CBADAWP), 4256MiB, page size: 8192, OOB size: 744
------------[ cut here ]------------
kernel BUG at drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c:203!
Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] SMP ARM
[... trim ...]
[<c02cf3e4>] (nand_select_chip+0x18/0x2c) from [<c02d25c0>] (nand_do_read_ops+0x90/0x424)
[<c02d25c0>] (nand_do_read_ops+0x90/0x424) from [<c02d2dd8>] (nand_read+0x54/0x78)
[<c02d2dd8>] (nand_read+0x54/0x78) from [<c02ad2c8>] (mtd_read+0x84/0xbc)
[<c02ad2c8>] (mtd_read+0x84/0xbc) from [<c02d4b28>] (scan_read.clone.4+0x4c/0x64)
[<c02d4b28>] (scan_read.clone.4+0x4c/0x64) from [<c02d4c88>] (search_bbt+0x148/0x290)
[<c02d4c88>] (search_bbt+0x148/0x290) from [<c02d4ea4>] (nand_scan_bbt+0xd4/0x5c0)
[... trim ...]
---[ end trace 0c9363860d865ff2 ]---

So to fix this, just truncate these dimensions down to the greatest
power-of-2 dimension that is less than or equal to the specified

Signed-off-by: Brian Norris <computersforpeace@xxxxxxxxx>
[bwh: Backported to 3.2:
- Adjust context
- p->lun_count is not used]
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c | 15 +++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
@@ -2895,10 +2895,22 @@ static int nand_flash_detect_onfi(struct
sanitize_string(p->model, sizeof(p->model));
if (!mtd->name)
mtd->name = p->model;
mtd->writesize = le32_to_cpu(p->byte_per_page);
- mtd->erasesize = le32_to_cpu(p->pages_per_block) * mtd->writesize;
+ /*
+ * pages_per_block and blocks_per_lun may not be a power-of-2 size
+ * (don't ask me who thought of this...). MTD assumes that these
+ * dimensions will be power-of-2, so just truncate the remaining area.
+ */
+ mtd->erasesize = 1 << (fls(le32_to_cpu(p->pages_per_block)) - 1);
+ mtd->erasesize *= mtd->writesize;
mtd->oobsize = le16_to_cpu(p->spare_bytes_per_page);
- chip->chipsize = (uint64_t)le32_to_cpu(p->blocks_per_lun) * mtd->erasesize;
+ /* See erasesize comment */
+ chip->chipsize = 1 << (fls(le32_to_cpu(p->blocks_per_lun)) - 1);
+ chip->chipsize *= (uint64_t)mtd->erasesize;
*busw = 0;
if (le16_to_cpu(p->features) & 1)
*busw = NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;

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