Re: [PATCH 1/2] x86, Clean up smp_num_siblings calculation
From: Prarit Bhargava
Date: Sun Jun 01 2014 - 19:26:44 EST
On 06/01/2014 05:23 AM, Oren Twaig wrote:
> Hi Prarit,
> See below,
> On 05/30/2014 02:43 PM, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
>> I have a system on which I have disabled threading in the BIOS, and I am booting
>> the kernel with the option "idle=poll".
>> The kernel displays
>> process: WARNING: polling idle and HT enabled, performance may degrade
>> which is incorrect -- I've already disabled HT.
>> This warning is issued here:
>> void select_idle_routine(const struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
>> if (boot_option_idle_override == IDLE_POLL && smp_num_siblings > 1)
>> pr_warn_once("WARNING: polling idle and HT enabled, performance may degrade\n");
>> >From my understanding of the other ares of kernel that use
>> smp_num_siblings, the value is supposed to be the the number of threads
>> per core.
>> The value of smp_num_siblings is incorrect. In theory, it should be 1 but it
>> is reported as 2. When I looked into how smp_num_siblings is calculated I
>> found the following call sequence in the kernel:
>> start_kernel ->
>> check_bugs ->
>> identify_boot_cpu ->
>> identify_cpu ->
>> c_init = init_intel
>> init_intel ->
>> (sets value)
>> c_init = init_amd
>> init_amd -> amd_detect_cmp
>> -> amd_get_topology
>> (sets value)
>> -> detect_ht()
>> ... (sets value)
>> (also sets value)
>> ie) it is set three times in some cases and is overwritten by the call
>> to detect_ht() from identify_cpu() in all cases.
>> It should be noted that nothing in the identify_cpu() path or the cpu_up()
>> path requires smp_num_siblings to be set, prior to the final call to
>> For x86 boxes, smp_num_siblings is set to a value read in a CPUID call in
>> detect_ht(). This value is the *factory defined* value in all cases; even
>> if HT is disabled in BIOS the value still returns 2 if the CPU supports
>> HT. AMD also reports the factory defined value in all cases.
> The above is incorrect in case of X-TOPOLOGY mode. I such a case the information
> about number of siblings comes from the LEVEL_MAX_SIBLINGS() macro and the
> X86_FEATURE_XTOPOLOGY flag is set to skip detect_ht() work :
> void detect_ht(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
> if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_XTOPOLOGY))
> In addition, the information about the number of sibling no longer comes from
> CPUID(0x1)->ebx but rather from the 0xb leaf of CPUID.
> I've marked below the problematic code change.
I will do a [v2] of the patchset that omits this change
>> - core_level_siblings = smp_num_siblings = LEVEL_MAX_SIBLINGS(ebx);
>> + core_level_siblings = LEVEL_MAX_SIBLINGS(ebx);
and then removes the setting of smp_num_siblings in 2/2.
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