Re: [PATCH v10 03/19] arm: fiq: Replace default FIQ handler

From: Daniel Thompson
Date: Thu Aug 28 2014 - 11:54:33 EST

On 28/08/14 16:01, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 19, 2014 at 07:12:07PM +0100, Daniel Thompson wrote:
>> On 19/08/14 18:37, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
>>> On Tue, Aug 19, 2014 at 05:45:53PM +0100, Daniel Thompson wrote:
>>>> +int register_fiq_nmi_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
>>>> +{
>>>> + return atomic_notifier_chain_register(&fiq_nmi_chain, nb);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +asmlinkage void __exception_irq_entry fiq_nmi_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct pt_regs *old_regs = set_irq_regs(regs);
>>>> +
>>>> + nmi_enter();
>>>> + atomic_notifier_call_chain(&fiq_nmi_chain, (unsigned long)regs, NULL);
>>>> + nmi_exit();
>>>> + set_irq_regs(old_regs);
>>>> +}
>>> Really not happy with this. What happens if a FIQ occurs while we're
>>> inside register_fiq_nmi_notifier() - more specifically inside
>>> atomic_notifier_chain_register() ?
>> Should depend on which side of the rcu update we're on.
> I just asked Paul McKenney, our RCU expert... essentially, yes, RCU
> stuff itself is safe in this context. However, RCU stuff can call into
> lockdep if lockdep is configured, and there are questions over lockdep.

Thanks for following this up.

I originally formed the opinion RCU was safe from FIQ because it is also
used to manage the NMI notification handlers for x86
(register_nmi_handler) and I understood the runtime constraints on FIQ
to be very similar.

Note that x86 manages the notifiers itself so it uses
list_for_each_entry_rcu() rather atomic_notifier_call_chain() but
nevertheless I think this boils down to the same thing w.r.t. safety

> There's some things which can be done to reduce the lockdep exposure
> to it, such as ensuring that rcu_read_lock() is first called outside
> of FIQ context.

lockdep is automatically disabled by calling nmi_enter() so all the
lockdep calls should end up following the early exit path based on

> There's concerns with whether either printk() in check_flags() could
> be reached too (flags there should always indicate that IRQs were
> disabled, so that reduces down to a question about just the first
> printk() there.)
> There's also the very_verbose() stuff for RCU lockdep classes which
> Paul says must not be enabled.
> Lastly, Paul isn't a lockdep expert, but he sees nothing that prevents
> lockdep doing the deadlock checking as a result of the above call.
> So... this coupled with my feeling that notifiers make it too easy for
> unreviewed code to be hooked into this path, I'm fairly sure that we
> don't want to be calling atomic notifier chains from FIQ context.

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