Re: [PATCH] locks: Ability to test for flock presence on fd

From: J. Bruce Fields
Date: Tue Sep 02 2014 - 15:43:10 EST

On Tue, Sep 02, 2014 at 11:07:14PM +0400, Pavel Emelyanov wrote:
> On 09/02/2014 10:44 PM, J. Bruce Fields wrote:
> > On Tue, Sep 02, 2014 at 09:17:34PM +0400, Pavel Emelyanov wrote:
> >> Hi,
> >>
> >> There's a problem with getting information about who has a flock on
> >> a specific file. The thing is that the "owner" field, that is shown in
> >> /proc/locks is the pid of the task who created the flock, not the one
> >> who _may_ hold it.
> >>
> >> If the flock creator shared the file with some other task (by forking
> >> or via scm_rights) and then died or closed the file, the information
> >> shown in proc no longer corresponds to the reality.
> >>
> >> This is critical for CRIU project, that tries to dump (and restore)
> >> the state of running tasks. For example, let's take two tasks A and B
> >> both opened a file "/foo", one of tasks places a LOCK_SH lock on the
> >> file and then "obfuscated" the owner field in /proc/locks. After this
> >> we have no ways to find out who is the lock holder.
> >>
> >> I'd like to note, that for LOCK_EX this problem is not critical -- we
> >> may go to both tasks and "ask" them to LOCK_EX the file again (we can
> >> do it in CRIU, I can tell more if required). The one who succeeds is
> >> the lock holder.
> >
> > It could be both, actually, right?
> Two succeeding with LOCK_EX? AFAIU no. Am I missing something?

After a fork, two processes "own" the lock, right?:

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
int fd, ret;

fd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR);
ret = flock(fd, LOCK_EX);
if (ret)
err(1, "flock");
ret = fork();
if (ret == -1)
err(1, "flock");
ret = flock(fd, LOCK_EX);
if (ret)
err(1, "flock");
printf("%d got exclusive lock\n", getpid());

$ touch TMP
$ ./test TMP
15882 got exclusive lock
15883 got exclusive lock

I may misunderstand what you're doing.

> >> With LOCK_SH this doesn't work. Trying to drop the
> >> lock doesn't work either, as flock(LOCK_UN) reports 0 in both cases:
> >> if the file is locked and if it is not.
> >>
> >> That said, I'd like to propose the LOCK_TEST flag to the flock call,
> >> that would check whether the lock of the given type (LOCK_SH or LOCK_EX)
> >> exists on the file we test. It's not the same as the existing in-kernel
> >> FL_ACCESS flag, which checks whether the new lock is possible, but
> >> it's a new FL_TEST flag, that checks whether the existing lock is there.
> >>
> >> What do you think?
> >
> > I guess I can't see anything really wrong with it.
> >
> > It ignores the (poorly documented) LOCK_MAND case, but maybe that's OK.
> I actually checked it and it seemed to work. What problems do
> you see with this case?

On its own it just doesn't tell you whether or not LOCK_MAND is set.
But I guess you can still get that out of /proc/locks.

To be honest I don't really know whether LOCK_MAND works or is used.

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