Re: frequent lockups in 3.18rc4
From: Frederic Weisbecker
Date: Fri Nov 21 2014 - 16:50:49 EST
On Fri, Nov 21, 2014 at 01:34:08PM -0800, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 21, 2014 at 1:32 PM, Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Fri, Nov 21, 2014 at 12:01:51PM -0500, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> >> On Fri, Nov 21, 2014 at 11:25:06AM -0500, Tejun Heo wrote:
> >> >
> >> > * Static percpu areas wouldn't trigger fault lazily. Note that this
> >> > is not necessarily because the first percpu chunk which contains the
> >> > static area is embedded inside the kernel linear mapping. Depending
> >> > on the memory layout and boot param, percpu allocator may choose to
> >> > map the first chunk in vmalloc space too; however, this still works
> >> > out fine because at that point there are no other page tables and
> >> > the PUD entries covering the first chunk is faulted in before other
> >> > pages tables are copied from the kernel one.
> >> That sounds correct.
> >> >
> >> > * NMI used to be a problem because vmalloc fault handler couldn't
> >> > safely nest inside NMI handler but this has been fixed since and it
> >> > should work fine from NMI handlers now.
> >> Right. Of course "should work fine" does not excatly mean "will work fine".
> >> >
> >> > * Function tracers are problematic because they may end up nesting
> >> > inside themselves through triggering a vmalloc fault while accessing
> >> > dynamic percpu memory area. This may lead to recursive locking and
> >> > other surprises.
> >> The function tracer infrastructure now has a recursive check that happens
> >> rather early in the call. Unless the registered OPS specifically states
> >> it handles recursions (FTRACE_OPS_FL_RECUSION_SAFE), ftrace will add the
> >> necessary recursion checks. If a registered OPS lies about being recusion
> >> safe, well we can't stop suicide.
> > Same if the recursion state is based on per cpu memory.
> >> Looking at kernel/trace/trace_functions.c: function_trace_call() which is
> >> registered with RECURSION_SAFE, I see that the recursion check is done
> >> before the per_cpu_ptr() call to the dynamically allocated per_cpu data.
> >> It looks OK, but...
> >> Oh! but if we trace the page fault handler, and we fault here too
> >> we just nuked the cr2 register. Not good.
> > If we fault in the page fault handler, we double fault and apparently
> > recovering from that isn't quite expected anyway.
> Not quite. We only double fault if we fault while pushing the
> hardware part of the state onto the stack. That happens even before
> the entry asm gets run.
> Otherwise if we have a page fault inside do_page_fault, it's just a
> nested page fault.
But we still have the cr2 issue that Steve talked about.
> Andy Lutomirski
> AMA Capital Management, LLC
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