Re: [RFC PATCH 00/14] nfsd/sunrpc: add support for a workqueue-based nfsd

From: Jeff Layton
Date: Tue Dec 02 2014 - 14:26:38 EST

On Tue, 2 Dec 2014 14:18:14 -0500
Tejun Heo <tj@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> Hello, Jeff.
> On Tue, Dec 02, 2014 at 01:24:09PM -0500, Jeff Layton wrote:
> > 2) get some insight about the latency from those with a better
> > understanding of the CMWQ code. Any thoughts as to why we might be
> > seeing such high latency here? Any ideas of what we can do about it?
> The latency is prolly from concurrency management. Work items which
> participate in concurrency management (the ones on per-cpu workqueues
> w/o WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE set) tend to get penalized on latency side quite
> a bit as the "run" durations for all such work items end up being
> serialized on the cpu. Setting WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE on the workqueue
> disables concurrency management and so does making the workqueue
> unbound. If strict cpu locality is likely to be beneficial and each
> work item isn't likely to consume huge amount of cpu cycles,
> WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE would fit better; otherwise, WQ_UNBOUND to let the
> scheduler do its thing.
> Thanks.

Thanks Tejun,

I'm already using WQ_UNBOUND workqueues. If that exempts this code from
the concurrency management, then that's probably not the problem. The
jobs here aren't terribly CPU intensive, but they can sleep for a long
time while waiting on I/O, etc...

I don't think we necessarily need CPU locality (though that's nice to
have of course), but NUMA affinity will likely be important. It looked
like you had done some work a year or so ago to make unbound workqueues
prefer to queue work on the same NUMA node which meshes nicely with
what I think we want for this.

I'll keep looking at it -- let me know if you have any other thoughts
on the latency...

Jeff Layton <jlayton@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at