Re: [PATCH v2 2/2] arm64: perf: Prevent wraparound during overflow
From: Will Deacon
Date: Thu Dec 04 2014 - 05:27:20 EST
On Fri, Nov 21, 2014 at 04:24:27PM +0000, Daniel Thompson wrote:
> If the overflow threshold for a counter is set above or near the
> 0xffffffff boundary then the kernel may lose track of the overflow
> causing only events that occur *after* the overflow to be recorded.
> Specifically the problem occurs when the value of the performance counter
> overtakes its original programmed value due to wrap around.
> Typical solutions to this problem are either to avoid programming in
> values likely to be overtaken or to treat the overflow bit as the 33rd
> bit of the counter.
> Its somewhat fiddly to refactor the code to correctly handle the 33rd bit
> during irqsave sections (context switches for example) so instead we take
> the simpler approach of avoiding values likely to be overtaken.
> We set the limit to half of max_period because this matches the limit
> imposed in __hw_perf_event_init(). This causes a doubling of the interrupt
> rate for large threshold values, however even with a very fast counter
> ticking at 4GHz the interrupt rate would only be ~1Hz.
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@xxxxxxxxxx>
> arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c | 10 ++++++++--
> 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
> index aa29ecb4f800..25a5308744b1 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
> @@ -169,8 +169,14 @@ armpmu_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event,
> ret = 1;
> - if (left > (s64)armpmu->max_period)
> - left = armpmu->max_period;
> + /*
> + * Limit the maximum period to prevent the counter value
> + * from overtaking the one we are about to program. In
> + * effect we are reducing max_period to account for
> + * interrupt latency (and we are being very conservative).
> + */
> + if (left > (armpmu->max_period >> 1))
> + left = armpmu->max_period >> 1;
> local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (u64)-left);
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