Re: [RFC PATCH 1/3] mm: when stealing freepages, also take pages created by splitting buddy page

From: Minchan Kim
Date: Mon Dec 08 2014 - 22:02:00 EST

On Thu, Dec 04, 2014 at 06:12:56PM +0100, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
> When __rmqueue_fallback() is called to allocate a page of order X, it will
> find a page of order Y >= X of a fallback migratetype, which is different from
> the desired migratetype. With the help of try_to_steal_freepages(), it may
> change the migratetype (to the desired one) also of:
> 1) all currently free pages in the pageblock containing the fallback page
> 2) the fallback pageblock itself
> 3) buddy pages created by splitting the fallback page (when Y > X)
> These decisions take the order Y into account, as well as the desired
> migratetype, with the goal of preventing multiple fallback allocations that
> could e.g. distribute UNMOVABLE allocations among multiple pageblocks.
> Originally, decision for 1) has implied the decision for 3). Commit
> 47118af076f6 ("mm: mmzone: MIGRATE_CMA migration type added") changed that
> (probably unintentionally) so that the buddy pages in case 3) are always
> changed to the desired migratetype, except for CMA pageblocks.
> Commit fef903efcf0c ("mm/page_allo.c: restructure free-page stealing code and
> fix a bug") did some refactoring and added a comment that the case of 3) is
> intended. Commit 0cbef29a7821 ("mm: __rmqueue_fallback() should respect
> pageblock type") removed the comment and tried to restore the original behavior
> where 1) implies 3), but due to the previous refactoring, the result is instead
> that only 2) implies 3) - and the conditions for 2) are less frequently met
> than conditions for 1). This may increase fragmentation in situations where the
> code decides to steal all free pages from the pageblock (case 1)), but then
> gives back the buddy pages produced by splitting.
> This patch restores the original intended logic where 1) implies 3). During
> testing with stress-highalloc from mmtests, this has shown to decrease the
> number of events where UNMOVABLE and RECLAIMABLE allocations steal from MOVABLE
> pageblocks, which can lead to permanent fragmentation. It has increased the
> number of events when MOVABLE allocations steal from UNMOVABLE or RECLAIMABLE
> pageblocks, but these are fixable by sync compaction and thus less harmful.
> Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@xxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@xxxxxxxxxx>

I expect you will Cc -stable when you respin with fixing pointed out
by Joonsoo.

Kind regards,
Minchan Kim
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