Re: [Question] How to print size_t type variable?
From: Geert Uytterhoeven
Date: Mon Dec 15 2014 - 04:38:30 EST
On Mon, Dec 15, 2014 at 10:32 AM, Masahiro Yamada
> I read through Documentation/printk-formats.txt
> It clearly says to use "%zu" or "%zx" to print size_t variables,
> but I still have a question.
> Assume we have code something like:
> printk("%zx", (size_t)10);
> I think this code works fine as long as it includes
> the compiler-provided <stddef.h>.
> In the kernel space, however, <stddef.h> is never included.
> Instead, size_t is defined by include/linux/types.h
> and include/uapi/asm-generic/posix_types.h.
> That is, size_t is defined independently from the compiler you are using,
> although the compiler still decides which variable type is expected for the "%zx" format.
> This causes compiler warnings for some compilers.
> On bare-metal m68k toolchains, for example, size_t is "unsignd long",
> whearas it is "unsigned int" on kernel.org m68k toolchains.
> I see such warnings when I built the kernel with bare-metal m68k toolchains.
> $ git describe
> $ make ARCH=m68k CROSS_COMPILE=m68k-elf- defconfig all
> HOSTCC scripts/basic/fixdep
> HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/conf.o
> SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
> SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c
> SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c
> HOSTCC scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o
> HOSTLD scripts/kconfig/conf
> *** Default configuration is based on 'multi_defconfig'
> kernel/time/Kconfig:163:warning: range is invalid
> # configuration written to .config
> [ snip ]
> LD init/mounts.o
> CC init/initramfs.o
> init/initramfs.c: In function 'populate_rootfs':
> init/initramfs.c:635:5: warning: format '%zd' expects argument of type 'signed size_t', but argument 2 has type 'ssize_t' [-Wformat]
Please use a compiler configured for Linux, i.e. m68k-linux-*.
Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
-- Linus Torvalds
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