Re: perf-probe crash in dwarf_getcfi_elf

From: Mark Wielaard
Date: Wed Dec 31 2014 - 14:42:44 EST

On Tue, Dec 30, 2014 at 06:05:33PM +0900, Namhyung Kim wrote:
> And I found a related commit (5704c8c4fa71 "getcfi_scn_eh_frame: Don't
> crash and burn when .eh_frame bits aren't there.") in elfutils that
> can lead to a unexpected crash like this. To safely use the function,
> it needs to check the .eh_frame section is a PROGBITS type.

Sorry about that bug. It was fixed in elfutils 0.156, released July 2013.
Latest elfutils release is 0.161.

Checking .eh_frame is SHT_PROGBITS (and not SHT_NOBITS) looks like the
correct workaround if you have to deal with older elfutils releases.

Note that dwarf_getcfi_elf gets the CFI information from the .eh_frame
section associated with the ELF file underlying the Dwarf dbg and needs
to be released with a call to dwarf_cfi_end (). dwarf_getcfi () gets the
CFI information from the .debug_frame section data of the Dwarf dbg
and gets automatically releassed when dwarf_end () is called (you should
not call dwarf_cfi_end () on the result).

If the Dwarf dbg handle is associated with a separate debuginfo file,
then the .eh_frame section data will not be available (has SHT_NOBITS)
and you can get the .eh_frame section (and call dwarf_getcfi_elf ()) on
the original ELF file from which the Dwarf debuginfo file was split off.

In your patch you call dwarf_getcfi () as backup to get some CFI
information when you cannot call dwarf_getcfi_elf (). In general it
might make sense to also do this when dwarf_getcfi_elf fails. Or try
to get the CFI through both .eh_frame (from the executable ELF file)
with dwarf_getcfi_elf () and .debug_frame (from the Dwarf dbg file)
with dwarf_getcfi () and try to match an address in both tables
if one or the other fails.


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