Re: [PATCH 02/14] ARM: ARMv7M: Enlarge vector table to 256 entries

From: Uwe Kleine-König
Date: Fri Feb 13 2015 - 05:01:56 EST

On Fri, Feb 13, 2015 at 09:42:46AM +0100, Maxime Coquelin wrote:
> Hi Geert,
> 2015-02-12 21:34 GMT+01:00 Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>:
> > On Thu, Feb 12, 2015 at 6:45 PM, Maxime Coquelin
> > <mcoquelin.stm32@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >> From Cortex-M4 and M7 reference manuals, the nvic supports up to 240
> >> interrupts. So the number of entries in vectors table is 256.
> >>
> >> This patch adds the missing entries, and change the alignement, so that
> >> vector_table remains naturally aligned.
> >
> > Shouldn't this depend on ARCH_STM32, or some other M4 or M7 specific
> > Kconfig option, to avoid wasting the space on other CPUs?
> Actually, the STM32F429 has 90 interrupts, so it would need 106
> entries in the vector table.
> The maximum of supported interrupts is not only for Cortex-M4 and M7,
> this is also true for Cortex-M3.
> I see two possibilities:
> 1 - We declare the vector table for the maximum supported number of
> IRQs, as this patch does.
> - Pro: it will be functionnal with all Cortex-M MCUs
> - Con: Waste of less than 1KB for memory
> 2 - We introduce a config flag that provides the number of interrupts
> - Pro: No more memory waste
> - Con: Need to declare a per MCU model config flag.
I'd vote for 2, something like:

default 90 if STM32F429
default 38 if EFM32GG
default 240

then there is a working default and platforms being short on memory can
configure as appropriate. (The only down side is that if we create
multi-platfrom images at some time in the future either all or none of
the supported platforms must provide a value here.)

> Then, regarding the natural alignment, is there a way to ensure it
> depending on the value of a config flag?
The exact wording in ARMARMv7-M is:

The Vector table must be naturally aligned to a power of two
whose alignment value is greater than or equal
to (Number of Exceptions supported x 4), with a minimum
alignment of 128 bytes.

> Or we should keep it at the maximum value possible?
So we need:

.align x

with x being max(7, ceil(log((CPUV7M_NUM_IRQ + 16) * 4, 2))). So the
alignment needed is between 7 and 10.

If the assembler supports an expression here I'd use that. But before
adding strange hacks to generate the right value there better go for a
static value like:

/* The vector table must be naturally aligned */
.align 9 /* log2((112 + 16) * 4) */
.align 10

Further steps would be:

CONFIG_CPUV7M_NUM_IRQ <= 48 -> .align 8
CONFIG_CPUV7M_NUM_IRQ <= 16 -> .align 7

Probably it's not worth to add the respective #ifdefs here.

Best regards

Pengutronix e.K. | Uwe Kleine-König |
Industrial Linux Solutions | |
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