Re: [PATCH 3/6] timekeeping: Make it safe to use the fast timekeeper while suspended
From: Rafael J. Wysocki
Date: Fri Feb 13 2015 - 09:09:17 EST
On Friday, February 13, 2015 05:03:51 PM John Stultz wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 13, 2015 at 10:03 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Friday, February 13, 2015 08:53:38 AM John Stultz wrote:
> >> On Wed, Feb 11, 2015 at 12:03 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >> > From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>
> >> >
> >> > Theoretically, ktime_get_mono_fast_ns() may be executed after
> >> > timekeeping has been suspended (or before it is resumed) which
> >> > in turn may lead to undefined behavior, for example, when the
> >> > clocksource read from timekeeping_get_ns() called by it is
> >> > not accessible at that time.
> >> And the callers of the ktime_get_mono_fast_ns() have to get back a
> >> value?
> > Yes, they do.
> >> Or can we return an error on timekeeping_suspended like we do
> >> w/ __getnstimeofday64()?
> > No, we can't.
> >> Also, what exactly is the case when the clocksource being read isn't
> >> accessible? I see this is conditionalized on
> >> CLOCK_SOURCE_SUSPEND_NONSTOP, so is the concern on resume we read the
> >> clocksource and its been reset causing a crazy time value?
> > The clocksource's ->suspend method may have been called (during suspend)
> > and depending on what that did we may even crash things theoretically.
> > During resume, before the clocksource's ->resume callback, it may just
> > be undefined behavior (random data etc).
> > For system suspend as we have today the window is quite narrow, but after
> > patch [4/6] from this series suspend-to-idle may suspend timekeeping and
> > just sit there in idle for extended time (hours even) which broadens the
> > potential exposure quite a bit.
> > Of course, it does that with interrupts disabled, but ktime_get_mono_fast_ns()
> > is for NMI, so theoretically, if an NMI happens while we're in suspend-to-idle
> > with timekeeping suspended and the clocksource is not CLOCK_SOURCE_SUSPEND_NONSTOP
> > and the NMI calls ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(), strange and undesirable things may
> > happen.
> Ok.. No objection to the approach then. But maybe could you wrap the
> new logic in a halt_fast_timekeeper() function? Also is there much
> value in not halting it for SUSPEND_NONSTOP clocksources? If not,
> might as well halt it in all cases just to simplify the conditions we
> have to keep track of in our heads. :)
I don't see a problem with doing that unconditionally.
What about the appended version of the patch, then?
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>
Subject: timekeeping: Make it safe to use the fast timekeeper while suspended
Theoretically, ktime_get_mono_fast_ns() may be executed after
timekeeping has been suspended (or before it is resumed) which
in turn may lead to undefined behavior, for example, when the
clocksource read from timekeeping_get_ns() called by it is
not accessible at that time.
Prevent that from happening by setting up a dummy readout base for
the fast timekeeper during timekeeping_suspend() such that it will
always return the same number of cycles.
After the last timekeeping_update() in timekeeping_suspend() the
clocksource is read and the result is stored as cycles_at_suspend.
The readout base from the current timekeeper is copied onto the
dummy and the ->read pointer of the dummy is set to a routine
unconditionally returning cycles_at_suspend. Next, the dummy is
passed to update_fast_timekeeper().
Then, ktime_get_mono_fast_ns() will work until the subsequent
timekeeping_resume() and the proper readout base for the fast
timekeeper will be restored by the timekeeping_update() called
right after clearing timekeeping_suspended.
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>
kernel/time/timekeeping.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 30 insertions(+)
@@ -332,6 +332,35 @@ u64 notrace ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(void)
+/* Suspend-time cycles value for halted fast timekeeper. */
+static cycle_t cycles_at_suspend;
+static cycle_t dummy_clock_read(struct clocksource *cs)
+ return cycles_at_suspend;
+ * halt_fast_timekeeper - Prevent fast timekeeper from accessing clocksource.
+ * @tk: Timekeeper to snapshot.
+ * It generally is unsafe to access the clocksource after timekeeping has been
+ * suspended, so take a snapshot of the readout base of @tk and use it as the
+ * fast timekeeper's readout base while suspended. It will return the same
+ * number of cycles every time until timekeeping is resumed at which time the
+ * proper readout base for the fast timekeeper will be restored automatically.
+static void halt_fast_timekeeper(struct timekeeper *tk)
+ static struct tk_read_base tkr_dummy;
+ struct tk_read_base *tkr = &tk->tkr;
+ memcpy(&tkr_dummy, tkr, sizeof(tkr_dummy));
+ cycles_at_suspend = tkr->read(tkr->clock);
+ tkr_dummy.read = dummy_clock_read;
static inline void update_vsyscall(struct timekeeper *tk)
@@ -1294,6 +1323,7 @@ static int timekeeping_suspend(void)
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