[PATCH v2 1/2] [SCSI] sg: fix unkillable I/O wait deadlock with scsi-mq

From: Tony Battersby
Date: Fri Feb 13 2015 - 12:09:53 EST

When using the write()/read() interface for submitting commands, the
SCSI generic driver does not call blk_put_request() on a completed SCSI
command until userspace calls read() to get the command completion.
Since scsi-mq uses a fixed number of preallocated requests, this makes
it possible for userspace to exhaust the entire preallocated supply of
requests. For places in the kernel that call blk_get_request() with
GFP_KERNEL, this can cause the calling process to deadlock in a
permanent unkillable I/O wait in blk_get_request() -> ... -> bt_get().
For places in the kernel that call blk_get_request() with GFP_ATOMIC,
this can cause blk_get_request() always to return -EWOULDBLOCK. Note
that these problems happen only if scsi-mq is enabled. Prevent the
problems by calling blk_put_request() as soon as the SCSI command
completes instead of waiting for userspace to call read().

Cc: Douglas Gilbert <dgilbert@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> # 3.17+
Signed-off-by: Tony Battersby <tonyb@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

For inclusion in kernel 3.20.

This is the exact same patch as before; I have only updated the patch
description to reflect new details uncovered by myself and Douglas
Gilbert. There is also now a second related patch to sg that must be
applied after this one.

--- linux-3.19.0/drivers/scsi/sg.c.orig 2015-02-08 21:54:22.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-3.19.0/drivers/scsi/sg.c 2015-02-09 17:40:00.000000000 -0500
@@ -1350,6 +1350,17 @@ sg_rq_end_io(struct request *rq, int upt
/* Rely on write phase to clean out srp status values, so no "else" */

+ /*
+ * Free the request as soon as it is complete so that its resources
+ * can be reused without waiting for userspace to read() the
+ * result. But keep the associated bio (if any) around until
+ * blk_rq_unmap_user() can be called from user context.
+ */
+ srp->rq = NULL;
+ if (rq->cmd != rq->__cmd)
+ kfree(rq->cmd);
+ __blk_put_request(rq->q, rq);
write_lock_irqsave(&sfp->rq_list_lock, iflags);
if (unlikely(srp->orphan)) {
if (sfp->keep_orphan)
@@ -1777,10 +1788,10 @@ sg_finish_rem_req(Sg_request *srp)
SCSI_LOG_TIMEOUT(4, sg_printk(KERN_INFO, sfp->parentdp,
"sg_finish_rem_req: res_used=%d\n",
(int) srp->res_used));
+ if (srp->bio)
+ ret = blk_rq_unmap_user(srp->bio);
if (srp->rq) {
- if (srp->bio)
- ret = blk_rq_unmap_user(srp->bio);
if (srp->rq->cmd != srp->rq->__cmd)

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