[PATCH 3.2 053/152] Btrfs: fix fs corruption on transaction abort if device supports discard

From: Ben Hutchings
Date: Mon Feb 16 2015 - 20:53:39 EST

3.2.67-rc1 review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@xxxxxxxx>

commit 678886bdc6378c1cbd5072da2c5a3035000214e3 upstream.

When we abort a transaction we iterate over all the ranges marked as dirty
in fs_info->freed_extents[0] and fs_info->freed_extents[1], clear them
from those trees, add them back (unpin) to the free space caches and, if
the fs was mounted with "-o discard", perform a discard on those regions.
Also, after adding the regions to the free space caches, a fitrim ioctl call
can see those ranges in a block group's free space cache and perform a discard
on the ranges, so the same issue can happen without "-o discard" as well.

This causes corruption, affecting one or multiple btree nodes (in the worst
case leaving the fs unmountable) because some of those ranges (the ones in
the fs_info->pinned_extents tree) correspond to btree nodes/leafs that are
referred by the last committed super block - breaking the rule that anything
that was committed by a transaction is untouched until the next transaction
commits successfully.

I ran into this while running in a loop (for several hours) the fstest that
I recently submitted:

[PATCH] fstests: add btrfs test to stress chunk allocation/removal and fstrim

The corruption always happened when a transaction aborted and then fsck complained
like this:

_check_btrfs_filesystem: filesystem on /dev/sdc is inconsistent
*** fsck.btrfs output ***
Check tree block failed, want=94945280, have=0
Check tree block failed, want=94945280, have=0
Check tree block failed, want=94945280, have=0
Check tree block failed, want=94945280, have=0
Check tree block failed, want=94945280, have=0
read block failed check_tree_block
Couldn't open file system

In this case 94945280 corresponded to the root of a tree.
Using frace what I observed was the following sequence of steps happened:

1) transaction N started, fs_info->pinned_extents pointed to

2) node/eb 94945280 is created;

3) eb is persisted to disk;

4) transaction N commit starts, fs_info->pinned_extents now points to
fs_info->freed_extents[1], and transaction N completes;

5) transaction N + 1 starts;

6) eb is COWed, and btrfs_free_tree_block() called for this eb;

7) eb range (94945280 to 94945280 + 16Kb) is added to
fs_info->pinned_extents (fs_info->freed_extents[1]);

8) Something goes wrong in transaction N + 1, like hitting ENOSPC
for example, and the transaction is aborted, turning the fs into
readonly mode. The stack trace I got for example:

[112065.253935] [<ffffffff8140c7b6>] dump_stack+0x4d/0x66
[112065.254271] [<ffffffff81042984>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7f/0x98
[112065.254567] [<ffffffffa0325990>] ? __btrfs_abort_transaction+0x50/0x10b [btrfs]
[112065.261674] [<ffffffff810429e5>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x48/0x50
[112065.261922] [<ffffffffa032949e>] ? btrfs_free_path+0x26/0x29 [btrfs]
[112065.262211] [<ffffffffa0325990>] __btrfs_abort_transaction+0x50/0x10b [btrfs]
[112065.262545] [<ffffffffa036b1d6>] btrfs_remove_chunk+0x537/0x58b [btrfs]
[112065.262771] [<ffffffffa033840f>] btrfs_delete_unused_bgs+0x1de/0x21b [btrfs]
[112065.263105] [<ffffffffa0343106>] cleaner_kthread+0x100/0x12f [btrfs]
[112065.264493] ---[ end trace dd7903a975a31a08 ]---
[112065.264673] BTRFS: error (device sdc) in btrfs_remove_chunk:2625: errno=-28 No space left
[112065.264997] BTRFS info (device sdc): forced readonly

9) The clear kthread sees that the BTRFS_FS_STATE_ERROR bit is set in
fs_info->fs_state and calls btrfs_cleanup_transaction(), which in
turn calls btrfs_destroy_pinned_extent();

10) Then btrfs_destroy_pinned_extent() iterates over all the ranges
marked as dirty in fs_info->freed_extents[], and for each one
it calls discard, if the fs was mounted with "-o discard", and
adds the range to the free space cache of the respective block

11) btrfs_trim_block_group(), invoked from the fitrim ioctl code path,
sees the free space entries and performs a discard;

12) After an umount and mount (or fsck), our eb's location on disk was full
of zeroes, and it should have been untouched, because it was marked as
dirty in the fs_info->pinned_extents tree, and therefore used by the
trees that the last committed superblock points to.

Fix this by not performing a discard and not adding the ranges to the free space
caches - it's useless from this point since the fs is now in readonly mode and
we won't write free space caches to disk anymore (otherwise we would leak space)
nor any new superblock. By not adding the ranges to the free space caches, it
prevents other code paths from allocating that space and write to it as well,
therefore being safer and simpler.

This isn't a new problem, as it's been present since 2011 (git commit

Signed-off-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@xxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Chris Mason <clm@xxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
fs/btrfs/disk-io.c | 6 ------
fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c | 10 ++++++----
2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

--- a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
@@ -3481,12 +3481,6 @@ static int btrfs_destroy_pinned_extent(s
if (ret)

- /* opt_discard */
- if (btrfs_test_opt(root, DISCARD))
- ret = btrfs_error_discard_extent(root, start,
- end + 1 - start,
- NULL);
clear_extent_dirty(unpin, start, end, GFP_NOFS);
btrfs_error_unpin_extent_range(root, start, end);
--- a/fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c
@@ -4611,7 +4611,8 @@ int btrfs_prepare_extent_commit(struct b
return 0;

-static int unpin_extent_range(struct btrfs_root *root, u64 start, u64 end)
+static int unpin_extent_range(struct btrfs_root *root, u64 start, u64 end,
+ const bool return_free_space)
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = root->fs_info;
struct btrfs_block_group_cache *cache = NULL;
@@ -4631,7 +4632,8 @@ static int unpin_extent_range(struct btr

if (start < cache->last_byte_to_unpin) {
len = min(len, cache->last_byte_to_unpin - start);
- btrfs_add_free_space(cache, start, len);
+ if (return_free_space)
+ btrfs_add_free_space(cache, start, len);

start += len;
@@ -4676,7 +4678,7 @@ int btrfs_finish_extent_commit(struct bt
end + 1 - start, NULL);

clear_extent_dirty(unpin, start, end, GFP_NOFS);
- unpin_extent_range(root, start, end);
+ unpin_extent_range(root, start, end, true);

@@ -7650,7 +7652,7 @@ out:

int btrfs_error_unpin_extent_range(struct btrfs_root *root, u64 start, u64 end)
- return unpin_extent_range(root, start, end);
+ return unpin_extent_range(root, start, end, false);

int btrfs_error_discard_extent(struct btrfs_root *root, u64 bytenr,

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